Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Frequency of oral Lichen Planus among hypothyroid patients

Wed Jul 24 01:13:38 2024

(2022) Frequency of oral Lichen Planus among hypothyroid patients. Brazilian Dental Science. ISSN 21786011 (ISSN)

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Objective: Recent investigations have suggested a correlation between thyroid diseases, particularly hypothyroidism (HT), and oral lichen planus (OLP). Objective: This study aimed to assess the frequency of OLP in HT patients. Material and Methods: This analytical descriptive study evaluated 100 HT patients including 94 females and 6 males, who were selected by convenience sampling. The subjects were clinically examined for OLP. The mean age of patients was 42.49±1.29 years. Also, 100 age-and sex-matched healthy controls were examined. The data were analyzed using chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test via SPSS. Results: Of all, 14 (14) HT patients (12 females and 2 males) had OLP while only one case of OLP was found in the control group. The difference between the two groups in the frequency of OLP was significant (P=0.001). The odds ratio (OR) of developing OLP was calculated to be 16.11 in HT patients. Reticular form was the most common type of OLP in patients (50). The buccal mucosa was the most common site of involvement (92.85). The mean age of patients with OLP was 42.93±1.29 years with a median of 46±1.29 years in HT group. Conclusion: The frequency of OLP was significantly higher in HT patients such that HT patients had higher odds of developing OLP by 16 folds. © 2022, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Institute of Science and Technology of Sao Jose dos Campos. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Comparison Frequency Hypothyroidism Oral lichen planus
Journal or Publication Title: Brazilian Dental Science
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 25
Number: 1
Identification Number:
ISSN: 21786011 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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