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Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis of recently published literature (2016-2020)

Fri Oct 7 02:34:21 2022

(2022) Prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis of recently published literature (2016-2020). Tropical Medicine and Health. p. 18. ISSN 1348-8945

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Abstract

Background Urinary schistosomiasis is a serious threat in endemic territories of Africa and the Middle East. The status of female urinary schistosomiasis (FUS) in published literature between 2016 and 2020 was investigated. Methods A systematic search in PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science, based on the 'Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses' checklist, and a meta-analysis using random-effects model to calculate the weighted estimates and 95 confidence intervals (95 CIs) were done. Results Totally, 113 datasets reported data on 40,531 women from 21 African countries, showing a pooled prevalence of 17.5 (95 CI: 14.8-20.5). Most studies (73) were performed in Nigeria, while highest prevalence was detected in Mozambique 58 (95 CI: 56.9-59.1) (one study). By sample type and symptoms, vaginal lavage 25.0% (95% CI: 11.4-46.1%) and hematuria 19.4% (95% CI: 12.2-29.4%) showed higher FUS frequency. Studies using direct microscopy diagnosed a 17.1% (95% CI: 14.5-20.1%) prevalence rate, higher than PCR-based studies 15.3% (95% CI: 6.1-33.2%). Except for sample type, all other variables had significant association with the overall prevalence of FUS. Conclusions More studies are needed to evaluate the true epidemiology of FUS throughout endemic regions.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Shams, M.UNSPECIFIED
Khazaei, S.UNSPECIFIED
Ghasemi, E.UNSPECIFIED
Nazari, N.UNSPECIFIED
Javanmardi, E.UNSPECIFIED
Majidiani, H.UNSPECIFIED
Bahadory, S.UNSPECIFIED
Anvari, D.UNSPECIFIED
Fatollahzadeh, M.UNSPECIFIED
Nemati, T.UNSPECIFIED
Asghari, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Epidemiology Urinary schistosomiasis Women Meta-analysis female genital schistosomiasis school-children haematobium infection risk-factors mansoni area antigen health epidemiology morbidity Tropical Medicine
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 18
Journal or Publication Title: Tropical Medicine and Health
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 50
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s41182-022-00402-x
ISSN: 1348-8945
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3851

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