Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The impact of nurses' perceptions of systems thinking on occurrence and reporting of adverse events: a cross-sectional study

Sun Oct 2 23:08:34 2022

(2021) The impact of nurses' perceptions of systems thinking on occurrence and reporting of adverse events: a cross-sectional study. Journal of nursing management. ISSN 1365-2834 (Electronic) 0966-0429 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34817095

Abstract

AIMS: To assess systems thinking level and its relationship with occurrence and reporting of adverse events in Iranian nurses. BACKGROUND: Systems thinking has recently emerged important element of patient safety and quality improvement in health care systems. It helps healthcare professionals to understand the different elements of healthcare systems, the interrelatedness, and interdependencies of these elements in the healthcare systems. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was carried out in ten teaching hospitals in Tehran, Iran. A total of 511 nurses were selected using simple random sampling. Systems thinking was measured using the validated Systems Thinking Scale. Data analysis was performed by descriptive analyses, independent t-test, and logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The average score for total systems thinking was a mean of 49.45 (SD = 12.10; range 0-80). In total, 67.5 of participants reported the experience of the occurrence of adverse events leading to harm to patients and 65.2 of them responded as having appropriate adverse events reporting behaviors. Nurses who had higher scores in systems thinking were found to be more likely to report adverse events (Odds ratio = 1.07; 95 CI = 1.05 - 1.09), whereas they were less prone to experience adverse events (Odds ratio = 0.97; 95 CI = 0.95 - 0.98). CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that the nurses' systems thinking level was moderate. Systems thinking had a significant role in preventing the occurrence of adverse events as well as improving the reporting of adverse events. Therefore, it is recommended to enhance the competency of nurses' thinking systems to prevent the occurrence of adverse events and to improve the reporting of adverse events. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Nursing managers need to focus on the systems thinking weaknesses and the occurrence and the reporting of adverse events in policymaking, practice, and research. Also, systems thinking should be integrated with the health care system for preventing the occurrence of adverse events and improving reporting of adverse events. They should support, lead, and allocate the essential pragmatic strategies and resources for the involvement of all health care members in policymaking.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Kakemam, E.UNSPECIFIED
Albelbeisi, A. H.UNSPECIFIED
Davoodabadi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Azarmi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Zolghadr, F.UNSPECIFIED
Mamene, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Systems thinking adverse events medical error patient safety quality of care
Divisions:
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of nursing management
Journal Index: Pubmed
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.13524
ISSN: 1365-2834 (Electronic) 0966-0429 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3758

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