Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Self-reported experience of orofacial injury, preventive practice, and knowledge of Iranian adolescent martial art athletes towards sports-related orofacial injuries

Wed Aug 10 15:47:56 2022

(2021) Self-reported experience of orofacial injury, preventive practice, and knowledge of Iranian adolescent martial art athletes towards sports-related orofacial injuries. Bmc Sports Science Medicine and Rehabilitation. p. 9. ISSN 2052-1847

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Abstract

Background Increased engagement of adolescents in martial arts exposes them to a relatively high risk of experiencing orofacial injuries. We evaluated self-reported experience of orofacial injuries, preventive practice, and knowledge of management of sport-related orofacial injuries and related factors in adolescent Karate and Taekwondo athletes in Iran. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted on Iranian martial arts athletes including Karate and Taekwondo aged 11-17-year-old in 2020 via an online questionnaire. The anonymous self-administrated questionnaire had four parts: background (age, gender, duration of sports activity, training sessions per week, and previous education on orofacial injury); self-reported experience of orofacial injury; preventive practice including mouthguard and helmet use; and knowledge of emergency management of orofacial injuries. Preventive practice and knowledge scores were calculated by summing up the scores of corresponding questions (possibly range 0-7). A linear regression model and the Pearson correlation served for statistical analysis. Results Totally, 295 athletes with a mean age of 14.56 +/- 1.91 years participated in the study. A quarter (n = 74, 25.1) of athletes stated that they had received training on prevention of orofacial injuries. Only 3.7 (n = 11) of the participants reported the use of custom-made mouthguards, and 62 (n = 183) reported a positive history of orofacial injuries. A significant relationship existed between self-reported orofacial injury and age (beta = - 0.32, p < 0.001), hours of training per week (beta = 0.12, p = 0.037), type of sport (beta = 0.11, p = 0.049), and previous training on orofacial injuries (beta = - 0.14, p = 0.010). No difference existed in the history of orofacial injury between females (n = 114) and males (n = 69) (p = 0.374). The mean score of self-reported preventive practice and knowledge of management of orofacial injuries was 3.53 +/- 1.82 (out of 7) and 1.67 +/- 1.10 (out of 7), respectively. Age (beta = 0.19, p = 0.002) and history of orofacial injury (beta = - 0.15, p = 0.010) were associated with the score of self-reported preventive practice. Female athletes (beta = 0.11, p = 0.048) and athletes who exercised more per week (beta = 0.15, p = 0.012) had significantly more knowledge on management of orofacial injuries. Conclusion Adolescent athletes had relatively undesirable preventive practices and a distinct lack of knowledge. The high occurrence of self-reported orofacial injuries indicates the importance of more education and stricter rules for the athlete population.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Esmaeilpoor, A.UNSPECIFIED
Mohebbi, S. Z.UNSPECIFIED
Moghadam, N.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmadian, M.UNSPECIFIED
Razeghi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Khami, M. R.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Contact sports Orofacial injuries Adolescent traumatic dental injuries mouthguard use school-children prevalence participants awareness education etiology Rehabilitation Sport Sciences
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 9
Journal or Publication Title: Bmc Sports Science Medicine and Rehabilitation
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13102-021-00363-4
ISSN: 2052-1847
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3729

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