Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Clinical Characteristics, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Mortality Rate of TB/COVID-19 Coinfectetd Patients: A Systematic Review

Sat Jul 20 19:59:41 2024

(2021) Clinical Characteristics, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Mortality Rate of TB/COVID-19 Coinfectetd Patients: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in Medicine. p. 14.

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Introduction: Novel coronavirus (COVID-19) and tuberculosis (TB) are the newest and one of the oldest global threats, respectively. In the COVID-19 era, due to the health system's focus on the COVID-19 epidemic, the national TB control program received less attention, leading to a worsening of the global TB epidemic. In this study, we will review the characteristics of TB patients coinfected with COVID-19.Material and Methods: Using Scopus, PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases, a systematic search was performed. Case reports and case series on TB/COVID-19 coinfection published from January 1, 2019 to February 24, 2021 were collected. There were no limitations regarding publication language.Results: Eleven case series and 20 case reports were identified from 18 countries, with the majority them being from India (N = 6) and China (N = 4). Overall, 146 patients (114 men and 32 women) coinfected with TB and COVID-19 enrolled. Smoking (15.1), diabetes (14.4), and hypertension (8.9) were the most frequent comorbidities among these patients. The COVID-19 patients with TB mainly suffered fever (78.8), cough (63.7), and respiratory distress (22.6). Hydroxychloroquine (64.0) and lopinavir/ritonavir (39.5) were the most common treatments for them. The mortality rate was 13.0 and the rate of discharged patients was 87.0.Conclusion: Global prevalence of COVID-19-related deaths is 6.6. Our results showed that 13.0 of patients with TB/COVID-19 died. Thus, this study indicated that coinfection of TB and COVID-19 can increase the mortality. The respiratory symptoms of TB and COVID-19 are very similar, and this causes them to be misdiagnosed. In addition, TB is sometimes diagnosed later than COVID-19 and the severity of the disease worsens, especially in patients with underlying conditions. Therefore, patients with TB should be screened regularly in the COVID-19 era to prevent the spread of the TB/COVID-19 coinfection.

Item Type: Article
Tabatabaei, F. S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: tuberculosis COVID-19 review coinfection TB mycobacterium-tuberculosis covid-19 prevalence infection disease impact hiv tb General & Internal Medicine
Page Range: p. 14
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Medicine
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 8
Identification Number:
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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