Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Protein and Energy Intake Assessment and Their Association With In-Hospital Mortality in Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients: A Prospective Cohort Study

Sun Nov 27 22:49:15 2022

(2021) Protein and Energy Intake Assessment and Their Association With In-Hospital Mortality in Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients: A Prospective Cohort Study. Frontiers in Nutrition. p. 7. ISSN 2296-861X

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Abstract

Background and Aim: It is partially known that nutritional intake could alleviate proteolysis and course of disease severity in patients with COVID-19; however, not enough data are available in this regard. The present study aimed to assess protein and energy intake and their association with in-hospital mortality in critically ill COVID-19 patients. Methods: A total of 126 patients with COVID-19, who were critically ill, >= 5 days and a subset of 111 patients in ICU >= 10 days completed the present prospective observational cohort study. Results: Protein and energy intakes on Day 5 of ICU admission in survivors were 46 and 58 of target values, respectively. These values in non-survivors were 42 and 50 of target values, respectively (p < 0.05). In the sample >= 10 days, protein and energy intakes in survivors reached 64 and 87 of target values, respectively, without statistically significant differences with non-survivors. In the sample >= 5 days, Cox proportional hazard regression was adjusted for GLIM, APACHE II, comorbidity, and age; the results indicated that the patients with protein and energy intake lower than 0.59 g/kg/day and 14 kcal/kg/day, had similar to 2-fold mortality hazard (protein: HR, 2.38; 95 CI, 1.40-4.03; P = 0.001 and energy: HR, 2.23; 95 CI, 1.27-3.92; P = 0.005). Conclusion: Actual protein and energy intakes in critically ill patients with COVID-19 are in suboptimal levels compared with goal recommendations in these patients. Moreover, higher amounts of protein and energy intakes in the early acute phase were significantly associated with better survival and lower risk of in-hospital mortality.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Hajimohammadebrahim-Ketabforoush, M.UNSPECIFIED
Shariatpanahi, Z. V.UNSPECIFIED
Shariatpanahi, M. V.UNSPECIFIED
Shahbazi, E.UNSPECIFIED
Shahbazi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: COVID-19 protein energy nutritional intake ICU mortality injury Nutrition & Dietetics
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 7
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Nutrition
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 8
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2021.708271
ISSN: 2296-861X
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3696

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