Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Confirmed cases of human Onchocerca lupi infection: a systematic review of an emerging threat

Fri Aug 19 03:03:03 2022

(2021) Confirmed cases of human Onchocerca lupi infection: a systematic review of an emerging threat. Parasitology Research. pp. 3633-3644. ISSN 0932-0113

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Abstract

Diverse Onchocerca species are present mostly parasitizing ungulates, with the exception of Onchocerca volvulus (O. volvulus) in humans and O. lupi in canids and cats. The human cases due to the O. lupi have been more highlighted during last years. So, the present review was performed to determine the detailed characteristics of confirmed human O. lupi case reports documented worldwide. Hence, a systematic search was done using English international databases (Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, ProQuest, and Google Scholar). Totally, 14 confirmed human cases were documented during the last decade, mostly from the USA and Turkey with 7 and 3 cases, respectively. Most cases (7 individuals) were male with the age range of 22-month-old to 54-year-old. The parasite was frequently isolated from the right eye (5 cases), followed by the left eye (4 cases), cervical spinal canal (3 cases), scalp, and right forearm (one case each). Molecular identification of the isolated agent was the preferred way of diagnosis in most cases (9 records). In conclusion, human O. lupi cases have been more highlighted in recent years, whether due to the improved diagnostics and/or host-switching phenomenon, and both veterinarians and healthcare authorities should be alerted.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Asghari, A.UNSPECIFIED
Adhami, G.UNSPECIFIED
Shariatzadeh, S. A.UNSPECIFIED
Kordi, B.UNSPECIFIED
Anvari, D.UNSPECIFIED
Shams, M.UNSPECIFIED
Majidiani, H.UNSPECIFIED
Darvishi, M. M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Onchocerciasis Onchocerca lupi Human cases zoonotic onchocerca united-states resident nematodes dogs filarioidea filariasis disease oita Parasitology
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 3633-3644
Journal or Publication Title: Parasitology Research
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 120
Number: 11
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-021-07309-2
ISSN: 0932-0113
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3691

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