Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of elimination disorders and comorbid psychiatric disorders in Iranian children and adolescents

Thu Dec 1 17:49:34 2022

(2021) Prevalence of elimination disorders and comorbid psychiatric disorders in Iranian children and adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine. pp. 19-29. ISSN 18745393 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

PURPOSE: Currently, there is a paucity of studies on the prevalence of Elimination Disorders among Iranian children and adolescents. Due to the ongoing need to monitor the health status of these children and adolescents, the present study aims to investigate the prevalence of Elimination Disorders and comorbid disorders in Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 29,781 children and adolescents age 6 to 18 years old were selected and studied from all the provinces in Iran. The sampling was carried out by employing a multistage cluster sampling method, and several clinical psychologists using semi-structured interviews collected the data. Furthermore, clinical psychologists collected demographic information (including information about gender, age, place of residence, education level, and parental education level). The collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. RESULTS: Generally, the prevalence of Elimination Disorders was found to be 5.4 covering both enuresis (p= 5.4, 95 CI = 5.1-5.7) and encopresis (p= 0.13, 95 CI = 0.09-0.2). The total prevalence of comorbid disorders was 38, and among the comorbid disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (p= 11, 95 CI = 9.5-12.7) and Separation Anxiety (p= 10.6, 95 CI = 9.1-12.2) were the most prevalent. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of Elimination Disorders in Iranian children and adolescents is moderate compared to similar studies elsewhere. As for comorbid disorders, ADHD and Separation Anxiety were found to be the most prevalent disorders. Since Elimination Disorders coexist with psychiatric disorders in children, further studies of these comorbidities may give better insight into the treatment and prognosis of Elimination Disorders. © 2021 - IOS Press. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Mohammadi, M. R.UNSPECIFIED
Hojjat, S. K.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmadi, N.UNSPECIFIED
Alavi, S. S.UNSPECIFIED
Hooshyari, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Khaleghi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmadi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Hesari, M. J.UNSPECIFIED
Shakiba, A.UNSPECIFIED
Amiri, S.UNSPECIFIED
Molavi, P.UNSPECIFIED
Arman, S.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadzadeh, S.UNSPECIFIED
Kousha, M.UNSPECIFIED
Golbon, A.UNSPECIFIED
Hosseini, S. H.UNSPECIFIED
Delpisheh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Mojahed, A.UNSPECIFIED
Armanikian, A.UNSPECIFIED
Sarraf, N.UNSPECIFIED
Safavi, P.UNSPECIFIED
Moharari, F.UNSPECIFIED
Dastjerdi, R.UNSPECIFIED
Talepasand, S.UNSPECIFIED
Jaberghaderi, N.UNSPECIFIED
Ostovar, R.UNSPECIFIED
Salmanian, M.UNSPECIFIED
Zarafshan, H.UNSPECIFIED
Nazari, A.UNSPECIFIED
Haghbin, A.UNSPECIFIED
Khalili, M. N.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: comorbid psychiatric disorders Elimination Disorders encopresis enuresis Prevalence
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 19-29
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 14
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3233/PRM-190628
ISSN: 18745393 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3504

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