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Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Self-efficacy of osteoporosis preventive behaviors and its predictors in Iranian adolescents

Tue Aug 16 10:50:48 2022

(2021) Self-efficacy of osteoporosis preventive behaviors and its predictors in Iranian adolescents. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health. ISSN 03340139 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Almost all the bone mass in females is accumulated during adolescence and especially in the years immediately following menstruation. Self-efficacy plays an important role in moderating the relationship between knowledge and behavior. This study aimed to determine the self-efficacy of osteoporosis preventive behaviors and its predictors in female high school students. This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 330 female high school students in Saveh, Iran during 2016-2017. A two-stage cluster sampling method was used to select the participants. Data were collected using a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Osteoporosis Knowledge Test (OKT) and the Osteoporosis Self-Efficacy Scale (OSES). A general linear model was used to determine the self-efficacy predictors of osteoporosis preventive behaviors. The mean standard deviation (SD) of the total OKT score was 11.08 (4.08) of attainable range from 0 to 32. The mean (SD) of the total OSES score was 121.97 (37.36) of attainable range from 0 to 200. The mean (SD) of the exercise and calcium subscales of OSES were 58.39 (22.56) and 63.57 (21.02), respectively. There were significant relationships between the total OKT score with the total OSES score (r = 0.16, p = 0.003) and its subscales, including exercise (r = 0.16, p = 0.002) and calcium (r = 0.11, p = 0.03) scores. According to the adjusted general linear model, the variables of economic status, educational level and osteoporosis knowledge were predictors of the self-efficacy in the studied students. Findings suggested that most of the students had moderate levels of knowledge and self-efficacy regarding osteoporosis preventive behaviors; therefore, improving the knowledge and self-efficacy of this group can play a significant role in promoting their health. © 2018 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Ghelichkhani, F.UNSPECIFIED
Mirghafourvand, M.UNSPECIFIED
Bahrami-Vazir, E.UNSPECIFIED
Vali, E.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: adolescent knowledge osteoporosis predictor self-efficacy calcium age Article body mass bone mass calcium intake controlled study cross-sectional study demography descriptive research economic status educational status exercise female gender high school student human human tissue Iran Iranian (citizen) major clinical study menarche nutrition risk factor socioeconomics
Divisions:
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 33
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0038
ISSN: 03340139 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3491

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