Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Occurrence of Dioctophyme renale (Goeze, 1782) in road-killed canids of Iran and its public health implication

Fri Aug 19 03:19:37 2022

(2021) Occurrence of Dioctophyme renale (Goeze, 1782) in road-killed canids of Iran and its public health implication. Veterinary Parasitology- Regional Studies and Reports. p. 5. ISSN 2405-9390

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Abstract

Dioctophyme renale, is the largest of parasitic nematodes, which infects different species of fish-eating carnivores worldwide. The northern provinces of Iran (Guilan and Mazandaran) located in south of the Caspian Sea are suitable for parasitic infections due to the mild and humid climatic conditions. From separate surveys of road-killed canids in various parts of the Caspian Sea littoral area in Iran, 70 carcasses were collected along the roads of Guilan and Mazandaran from 2015 to 2017. Dioctophyme renale detected by direct observation and molecular methods based on Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COX1 gene) sequencing analysis. Molecular investigation was also performed to validate prevalence and reduce false negative concerns. Dioctophyme renale was found in eight of 70 carnivores, mostly in the right kidneys, as well as two cases in the abdominal cavity of a dog and a golden jackal. More carcasses on the roads were seen with lacerated internal organs. Given the frequent number of giant kidney worms in canids in the region, the transmission of this zoonotic helminth to humans seems possible, since the area is a tourism hub in the country. The infection burden of this helminth should be investigated using DNA analysis of kidney tissue of road-killed carnivores in Iran.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Eslahi, A. V.UNSPECIFIED
Mowlavi, G.UNSPECIFIED
Houshmand, E.UNSPECIFIED
Pirestani, M.UNSPECIFIED
Majidiani, H.UNSPECIFIED
Nahavandi, K. H.UNSPECIFIED
Johkool, M. G.UNSPECIFIED
Badri, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Giant kidney worm COX1 gene Carnivores Conventional PCR One health Parasitology Veterinary Sciences
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 5
Journal or Publication Title: Veterinary Parasitology- Regional Studies and Reports
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 24
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vprsr.2021.100568
ISSN: 2405-9390
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3456

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