Repository of Research and Investigative Information

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Ilam University of Medical Sciences

A systematic review and meta-analysis on the global prevalence and subtypes distribution of Blastocystis sp. infection in cattle: A zoonotic concern

Thu Aug 18 11:55:35 2022

(2021) A systematic review and meta-analysis on the global prevalence and subtypes distribution of Blastocystis sp. infection in cattle: A zoonotic concern. Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. p. 11. ISSN 0147-9571

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Abstract

Blastocystosis is an interesting parasitosis, since the parasitic infection is still seriously neglected and a considerable zoonotic evidence is emerging. Blastocystis sp. infects the intestinal lumen of humans and a wide range of animals, while there is a lack of comprehensive information on Blastocystis epidemiology in cattle worldwide. Thus, the present systematic review and meta-analysis were performed by exploring four electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Google scholar) for relevant published papers up to 7th November 2020, utilizing a random-effects model to pool estimations and assign 95 confidence intervals (CIs). Results of 28 studies (29 datasets) on cattle showed a 24.4 (95 CI: 16.9-33.9 ) prevalence for Blastocystis infection. Also, 16 out of 26 reported subtypes (STs) were isolated from cattle, with ST10 (18 datasets) as the highest-reported 32.3 % (95 % CI: 21.6-45.3) as well as ST24 and ST25 (one study each) as the lowest-reported STs 1.4 % (95 % CI: 0.2-9.1). Additionally, among nine well-known zoonotic STs (ST1-ST8 and ST12), all STs except for ST8 were reported from cattle worldwide, demonstrating this animal species as a potential reservoir for human infections. Meanwhile, the overall prevalence of Blastocystis in various subgroups (publication year, WHO regions, countries, continents, and age groups) was analyzed separately. The finding of the present review article highlights the cattle as a significant source of zoonotic transmission of Blastocystis infection to humans, which must be considered for preventive measures.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Shams, M.UNSPECIFIED
Shamsi, L.UNSPECIFIED
Sadrebazzaz, A.UNSPECIFIED
Asghari, A.UNSPECIFIED
Badali, R.UNSPECIFIED
Omidian, M.UNSPECIFIED
Hassanipour, S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Blastocystis sp Prevalence Subtypes Cattle Bovines Systematic review Meta-analysis genetic diversity molecular characterization geographic-distribution zoo animals hominis identification humans pigs bangkalan genotypes Immunology Microbiology Veterinary Sciences
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 11
Journal or Publication Title: Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 76
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cimid.2021.101650
ISSN: 0147-9571
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3438

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