Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The prevalence of anterior blepharitis in an elderly population of Iran; The Tehran geriatric eye study

Fri Aug 19 04:28:17 2022

(2021) The prevalence of anterior blepharitis in an elderly population of Iran; The Tehran geriatric eye study. Contact lens & anterior eye : the journal of the British Contact Lens Association. p. 101429. ISSN 1476-5411 (Electronic) 1367-0484 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33637431

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the age and sex-standardized prevalence and risk factors of anterior blepharitis in a geriatric population in "...". METHODS: This population-based study was conducted on the elderly population (over 60 years of age) of Tehran, the capital of "..." in 2019. Examinations included visual acuity assessment, refraction, and complete slit lamp examination. After the diagnosis of anterior blepharitis, its type (staphylococcal vs. seborrheic) was also determined. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine the risk factors of the disease. RESULTS: 3310 individuals participated in this study. The data of 3284 participants were available for this report. The mean age of the participants was 68.6 +/- 24.5 years, and (57.8 ) were female. Age and sex-standardized prevalence of anterior blepharitis was 33.5 (95 CI: 30.6-36.5) of which 96.5 were bilateral. The prevalence of seborrheic and staphylococcal types was 22.4 (95 CI: 19.9-25.2) and 11.3 (95 CI: 9.2-13.5), respectively. According to the multiple logistic regression, the prevalence of anterior blepharitis was positively related to age over 80 years (P < 0.001) and male gender (P < 0.001), and inversely related to education level (P = 0.033). No significant relationship was found between anterior blepharitis and other variables including systemic hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, smoking, socioeconomic status, and history of the previous eye examination. Sex had the greatest effect on developing anterior blepharitis (standardized coefficient: 0.325). CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed a relatively high prevalence of anterior blepharitis in the elderly population which requires special attention of the health system to inform and control this disease through continuous training of the media and regional health centers.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Hashemi, H.UNSPECIFIED
Pakzad, R.UNSPECIFIED
Heydarian, S.UNSPECIFIED
Aghamirsalim, M.UNSPECIFIED
Asadollahi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Yekta, A.UNSPECIFIED
Khabazkhoob, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Anterior blepharitis Geriatric Seborrheic Staphylococcal
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 101429
Journal or Publication Title: Contact lens & anterior eye : the journal of the British Contact Lens Association
Journal Index: Pubmed
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clae.2021.02.015
ISSN: 1476-5411 (Electronic) 1367-0484 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3384

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