Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The prevalence of depression in Iranian children: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Tue Aug 16 06:25:13 2022

(2021) The prevalence of depression in Iranian children: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Asian journal of psychiatry. p. 102579. ISSN 1876-2026 (Electronic) 1876-2018 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33684779

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of depression in Iranian children. METHOD: This meta-analysis was registered in PROSPERO with code (CRD42020216632) and performed based on the MOOSE protocol and PRISMA guidelines. Title and abstract of articles were searched without time limit until April 2020 in international databases PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Embase, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, EBSCO, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Iranian databases. RESULTS: In 34 studies with a sample size of 23,779 Iranian children, the prevalence of depression was estimated 42.3 (95 CI: 34.9-50.0). Prevalence of depression in girls in 20 studies with a sample size of 11,170 was estimated 42.1 (95 CI: 32.7-52.1) and the prevalence of depression in males in 20 studies with a sample size of 4678 was estimated 29.6 (95 CI: 21.2-39.7). The odds ratio of female to male depression was 1.33 (95 CI: 1.07-1.65, P < 0.011). Prevalence of mild, moderate, major and deep depression was 20.3 (95 CI: 16.4-24.9), 15.0 (95 CI: 11.3-19.7), 14.5 (95 CI: 10.8-19.1), and 4.3 (95 CI: 1.8-9.8), respectively. In subgroup analysis for prevalence of depression in Iranian children, the variables of geographical area (P = 0.258), quality of studies (P = 0.186), type of questionnaire (P = 0.907), sample size (P = 0.500) and year of studies (P = 0.538) were not significant, but subgroup analysis of province (P < 0.001) and school grade (P < 0.001) were significant. CONCLUSION: The results of the present meta-analysis showed that depression is common in Iranian children and is much higher than global estimates. These findings emphasize the importance of identifying and providing treatment to children who are most in need.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Mahmudi, L.UNSPECIFIED
Karimi, P.UNSPECIFIED
Arghavan, F. S.UNSPECIFIED
Shokri, M.UNSPECIFIED
Badfar, G.UNSPECIFIED
Kazemi, F.UNSPECIFIED
Azami, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Children Depression Iran Meta-analysis Prevalence
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 102579
Journal or Publication Title: Asian journal of psychiatry
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 58
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2021.102579
ISSN: 1876-2026 (Electronic) 1876-2018 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3377

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