Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Among the General Population During COVID-19 Outbreak in Iran: A National Cross-Sectional Online Survey

Tue Oct 4 04:41:14 2022

(2020) Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Among the General Population During COVID-19 Outbreak in Iran: A National Cross-Sectional Online Survey. Frontiers in Public Health. p. 8.

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Abstract

Background: Emerged in December 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is one of the largest pandemics ever. During the early phase, little was known about public knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) relating to coronavirus disease. This study was designed to determine KAP of Iranians toward COVID-19. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was carried out in Iran from February 25 to April 25 using a self-administered questionnaire on 1,480 people. COVID-19-related KAP questions were adapted from other internationally validated questionnaires specific for infectious diseases. Results: All participants were aware of COVID-19. When asked unprompted, 80 of respondents could correctly cite fever, difficulty in breathing, and cough as signs/symptoms of COVID-19. Most of our sample population knew that staying at home and isolated (95.3) as well as constant handwashing and using disinfectants (92.5) could prevent COVID-19. However, there were also widespread misconceptions such as the belief that COVID-19 can be transmitted by wild animals (58) and by air (48.3). Unprompted, self-reported actions taken to avoid COVID-19 infection included handwashing with soap and water (95.4), avoiding crowded places (93), cleansing hands with other disinfectants (80.), and covering mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing (76.1). The Internet and social media (94.5) were the main coronavirus information sources. However, the most trusted information sources on coronavirus were health and medical professionals (79.3). The majority of participants (77.0) wanted more information about coronavirus to be available. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that people's knowledge and attitude toward COVID-19 at the time of its outbreak was at a high level.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Kakemam, E.UNSPECIFIED
Ghoddoosi-Nejad, D.UNSPECIFIED
Chegini, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Momeni, K.UNSPECIFIED
Salehiniya, H.UNSPECIFIED
Hassanipour, S.UNSPECIFIED
Ameri, H.UNSPECIFIED
Arab-Zozani, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: knowledge attitudes practices COVID-19 online survey Iran awareness Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 8
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Public Health
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 8
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.585302
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3344

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