Repository of Research and Investigative Information

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Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Resistance training, gremlin 1 and macrophage migration inhibitory factor in obese men: a randomised trial

Sat Dec 10 03:04:50 2022

(2020) Resistance training, gremlin 1 and macrophage migration inhibitory factor in obese men: a randomised trial. Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry. p. 9. ISSN 1381-3455

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Abstract

Objective This study aimed to determine how different resistance training protocols affect gremlin 1, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), cardiometabolic, and anthropometric measures in obese men. Methods Forty-four males with obesity (weight: 93.2 +/- 2.2 kg, BMI: 32.9 +/- 1.2 kg/m(2), age: 27.5 +/- 9.4 years) were randomly assigned to traditional resistance training (TRT, n = 11), circuit resistance training (CRT, n = 11), interval resistance training (IRT, n = 11) or control (C, n = 11) groups. TRT group performed ten exercises at 50 of 1RM with 14 repetitions for three sets and 30 seconds rest interval between exercises and 1.5 min rest between sets, the CRT protocol included three circuits of 10 exercises, at an intensity of 50 of 1-RM, 14 repetitions with a minimum rest (< 15 s) between exercises and 3 min rest between sets, and the IRT group performed two sets of the same exercises with 50 of 1 RM, and 14 repetitions were followed with active rest of 25 of 1RM and 14 repetitions. All resistance training groups performed 60 min per session resistance exercises, 3 days per week, for 12 weeks. Measurements were taken at baseline and after 12 weeks of exercise training. Results Resistance training (TRT, CRT, and IRT) significantly decreased plasma levels of gremlin (TRT from 231.0 +/- 5.8 to 210.0 +/- 11.6 ng/ml, CRT from 226.0 +/- 7.6 to 188.0 +/- 7.7 ng/ml and, IRT from 227.0 +/- 6.3 to 183.0 +/- 9.0 ng/ml, effect size (ES): 0.50), MIF (TRT from 251.0 +/- 7.4 to 260.0 +/- 6.5 ng/ml, CRT from 248.0 +/- 10.9 to 214.0 +/- 9.0 ng/ml and, IRT from 247.0 +/- 8.9 to 196.0 +/- 6.9 ng/ml, ES: 0.55) and CRP (TRT from 28.4 +/- 1.7 to 23.3 +/- 2.1 nmol/l, CRT from 28.5 +/- 2.2 to 21.1 +/- 1.8 nmol/l, IRT from 28.1 +/- 1.3 to 20.8 +/- 1.3 nmol/l, ES: 0.49) compared to the control group (p < .05), but these reduction were greater in the CRT and IRT groups compared to the TRT group (p < .05). Conclusion The CRT and IRT protocols had more beneficial improvement in gremlin 1, MIF, body composition, and cardiometabolic risk factors compared to the beneficial changes produced by TRT protocol.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Saeidi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Seifi-Ski-Shahr, F.UNSPECIFIED
Soltani, M.UNSPECIFIED
Daraei, A.UNSPECIFIED
Shirvani, H.UNSPECIFIED
Laher, I.UNSPECIFIED
Hackney, A. C.UNSPECIFIED
Johnson, K. E.UNSPECIFIED
Basati, G.UNSPECIFIED
Zouhal, H.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Obesity gremlin 1 strength interval training exercise Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Biophysics Endocrinology & Metabolism Physiology
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 9
Journal or Publication Title: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
Journal Index: ISI
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/13813455.2020.1856142
ISSN: 1381-3455
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3342

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