Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Global inequality in the incidence and mortality rate of melanoma skin cancer according to human development index: a country-level analysis

Sun Nov 27 21:42:07 2022

(2021) Global inequality in the incidence and mortality rate of melanoma skin cancer according to human development index: a country-level analysis. Egyptian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology. pp. 26-31. ISSN 1110-6530

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Abstract

Objective The present study aimed to quantify existing inequalities in melanoma skin cancer (MSC) incidence and mortality between countries with different level of human development index (HDI). Methods A descriptive study was conducted based on GLOBOCAN project of the WHO for most countries in the world. Inequality in the age-specific incidence and mortality rates of MC was calculated according to the HDI by using the concentration index (CI) and decomposition of the CI was conducted. Results The CI for incidence and mortality rates of MSC was 0.44 (95 CI: 0.38, 0.54) and 0.11 (95 CI: 0.04, 0.21), respectively, which showed that MSC was more concentrated in countries with higher HDI. Expected years of schooling (0.44), mean year of schooling (0.38), and gross national income per 1000 capita (0.17) were the most important contributors of inequality in MSC incidence. Conclusion Disparity in melanoma rates was observed across diverse HDI components in different countries. The risk of MCS increased with higher life expectancy at birth, higher mean year of schooling, more expected years of schooling, and higher gross national income per 1000 capita according to the decomposing analysis.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Mohammadbeigi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Khazaei, S.UNSPECIFIED
Veisani, Y.UNSPECIFIED
Delpisheh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Jenabi, E.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: decomposition human development index incidence melanoma skin cancer mortality risk-factors socioeconomic-status malignant-melanoma cutaneous melanoma epidemiology diagnosis trends determinants disparities survival Dermatology
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 26-31
Journal or Publication Title: Egyptian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 41
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.4103/ejdv.ejdv₁₀₂₀
ISSN: 1110-6530
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3338

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