Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Direct and Indirect Effects of Behavioral Inhibition/Activation Systems on Depression and Current Suicidal Ideation Through Rumination and Self-Reflection

Sat Dec 10 01:33:30 2022

(2020) Direct and Indirect Effects of Behavioral Inhibition/Activation Systems on Depression and Current Suicidal Ideation Through Rumination and Self-Reflection. Archives of Suicide Research. pp. 568-588. ISSN 13811118 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate direct and indirect effects of the behavioral inhibition system (BIS) and the behavioral activation system (BAS) on depression and current suicidal ideation through rumination and self-reflection in a sample of suicide attempters. Three hundred suicide attempters completed the Rumination/Reflection Questionnaire (RRQ), the Carver and White BIS/BAS scales, the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSSI), and the Beck Depression Inventory–II (BDI-II). Results revealed that the BAS and BIS had direct effects on suicidal ideation but not depression. Low BAS had an indirect effect on depression through decreased self-reflection. High BIS had an indirect effect on depression via increased rumination. Low BAS and high BIS had indirect effects on suicidal ideation through decreased self-reflection. The findings suggest that low BAS and high BIS may be associated with depression and suicidal ideation in suicide attempters who have decreased self-reflection and increased rumination. Also, increasing self-reflection and reducing rumination as respectively adaptive and maladaptive self-focused attention strategies may prohibit depression and suicidal ideation. © 2019 International Academy for Suicide Research.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Khosravani, V.UNSPECIFIED
Baseri, A.UNSPECIFIED
Kamali, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadzadeh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Amirinezhad, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: behavioral inhibition/activation systems depression rumination self-reflection suicidal ideation suicide attempters
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 568-588
Journal or Publication Title: Archives of Suicide Research
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 24
Number: 4
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/13811118.2019.1649224
ISSN: 13811118 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3305

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