Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Investigating the association of food insecurity, psychological factors, and social support with gestational diabetes in pregnant women in Ilam Province, Iran

Wed Sep 28 20:02:12 2022

(2020) Investigating the association of food insecurity, psychological factors, and social support with gestational diabetes in pregnant women in Ilam Province, Iran. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. pp. 52-61. ISSN 16834844 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes is a metabolic disease with an increasing prevalence. Therefore, it is important to identify the factors associated with this disease. This study aimed to determine the association of food insecurity, psychological factors, and social support with gestational diabetes in pregnant women in Ilam Province, Iran. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 734 pregnant women at the gestational age of 24-28 weeks were selected. Sampling was performed in March-November 2016 in health centers of Ilam Province by cluster sampling method. The data collection tools included the demographic and midwifery, economic and social status, stress, anxiety, depression, domestic violence, social support, and food insecurity questionnaires. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 16, using descriptive and analytical methods (single and multiple logistic regression analyses). Results: Overall, 9.8 of the subjects had gestational diabetes, and 35.1 reported food insecurity. The study of stress, anxiety, and depression showed mild stress (61.1), mild anxiety (63.4), and mild depression (62.8) in the majority of subjects. Also, 251 (34.2) subjects had high social support. After controlling for the effects of midwifery factors, demographic characteristics, and other independent variables, the results of multivariate regression analysis did not indicate any significant difference in terms of food insecurity, psychological factors, and social support between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion: Although gestational diabetes is very common, there was no significant association between gestational diabetes and food insecurity, psychological factors, and social support. Considering the small number of studies in this field, further research is needed to confirm this relationship. © 2020, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Dolatian, M.UNSPECIFIED
Sharifi, N.UNSPECIFIED
Mahmoodi, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Taheri, S.UNSPECIFIED
Rezaei, N.UNSPECIFIED
Rashidian, T.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Anxiety Depression Food insecurity Gestational diabetes Psychological factors Social support Stress Article caloric intake cross-sectional study domestic violence economic status female food frequency questionnaire gestational age human Iran major clinical study pregnancy diabetes mellitus pregnancy outcome prevalence psychological aspect
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 52-61
Journal or Publication Title: Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 22
Number: 1
ISSN: 16834844 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3302

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