Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Biodegradation of n-hexane as single pollutant and in a mixture with BTEX in a scoria/compost-based biofilter

(2017) Biodegradation of n-hexane as single pollutant and in a mixture with BTEX in a scoria/compost-based biofilter. Process Safety and Environmental Protection. pp. 508-517. ISSN 0957-5820

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Abstract

This study evaluated the biodegradation of n-hexane as single pollutant, and in a mixture with benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) in a scoria/compost-based biofilter. Initially, the biofilter was fed with n-hexane and maximum elimination capacities (ECmax) of 10.7 and 8.1 gm(-3) h(-1) were obtained for inlet loading rates (ILR) of 14.0 and 11.6 gm(-3) h(-1) at empty bed retention times (EBRT) of 138 and 108 s, respectively. Michaelis-Menten kinetic model was well fitted to the experimental EC of n-hexane in the single pollutant condition. In the presence of BTEX, the removal efficiency of n-hexane dramatically decreased from 76 to 21 at EBRT of 108 s. In this condition, BTEX was easily degraded with an EC. of 110.6 gm(-3) h(-1) for ILR of 119.1 gm(-3) h(-1). A competitive inhibition kinetic well described the n-hexane removal in the presence of BTEX with an inhibition constant of 0.151 gm(-3). Moreover, the interaction index of benzene with the addition of BTEX was -0.702, indicating the significant inhibitory effect of BTEX on n-hexane biodegradation. This study revealed that, in the biofiltration of n-hexane/BTEX mixture, a significant decrease in BTEX concentration is a prerequisite for the efficient removal of n-hexane. 2017 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Biofiltration VOCs n-Hexane BTEX Inhibitory effect Elimination capacity Removal efficiency air biofiltration removal performance toluene compost biotreatment methanol benzene vapors Engineering
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 508-517
Journal or Publication Title: Process Safety and Environmental Protection
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 107
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2017.03.019
ISSN: 0957-5820
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/329

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