Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Toxoplasma oocysts in the soil of public places worldwide: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Wed Sep 28 22:14:39 2022

(2020) Toxoplasma oocysts in the soil of public places worldwide: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. ISSN 1878-3503 (Electronic) 0035-9203 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33205208

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic and cosmopolitan infection. Although a few studies have evaluated the prevalence of Toxoplasma oocysts in the soil of public places, the present study was conducted to provide insights into environmental contamination levels and its potential transmission to humans on a global scale. A systematic search was conducted using bibliographic databases through 30 August 2020. A random effects model was utilized to estimate pooled prevalence with 95 confidence intervals (CIs). Subgroup analysis and meta-regressions were also performed on the geographical and environmental parameters. Finally, 22 articles, wherein 15 420 soil samples were examined, met the systematic review and meta-analysis requirements. The mean pooled prevalence of Toxoplasma oocysts was estimated at 16 (95 CI 10 to 26) in public places. The estimated prevalences in Europe, South America, Asia and North America were 23 (95 CI 4 to 65), 22 (95 CI 18 to 26), 15 (95 CI 0.06 to 33) and 8 (95 CI 0.00 to 97), respectively. An increasing trend was observed in the prevalence of Toxoplasma oocysts with increasing latitude (41-56 degrees ), decreasing longitude (0-40 degrees ) and increasing relative humidity (>/=76). Loop-mediated isothermal amplification and polymerase chain reaction methods revealed the highest and lowest prevalence rates, respectively, in the detection of Toxoplasma oocysts. Awareness of the health authorities and people about Toxoplasma prevalence in the soil of public places and its risk factors is of great importance to developing effective strategies to prevent infection.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Maleki, B.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmadi, N.UNSPECIFIED
Olfatifar, M.UNSPECIFIED
Gorgipour, M.UNSPECIFIED
Taghipour, A.UNSPECIFIED
Abdoli, A.UNSPECIFIED
Khorshidi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Foroutan, M.UNSPECIFIED
Mirzapour, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Toxoplasma gondii meta-analysis oocyst prevalence public places soil
Divisions:
Journal or Publication Title: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Journal Index: Pubmed
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/traa133
ISSN: 1878-3503 (Electronic) 0035-9203 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3247

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