Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Global seroprevalence of Neospora spp. in horses and donkeys: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Wed Dec 7 07:23:01 2022

(2020) Global seroprevalence of Neospora spp. in horses and donkeys: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Veterinary parasitology. p. 109299. ISSN 1873-2550 (Electronic) 0304-4017 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33227673

Abstract

Neospora infections due to Neospora caninum and N. hughesi are prevalent among equids of the world. The disease may affect reproductive and neurological consequences. The present systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the global Neospora seroprevalence among horses and donkeys. A number of 57 out of 1575 total retrieved studies were included by searching the PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science and ProQuest. A total of 25,783 horses and 4377 donkeys were examined serologically, yielding a weighted seroprevalence of 13.46 (95 CI: 10.26 -17.42 ) globally. Subgroup analysis revealed that there were statistically significant differences in the overall prevalence of Neospora spp. in the examined animals according to year, continent, WHO region, country, host, and diagnostic method. Age and sex in horses as well as sex in donkeys were significantly associated with the Neospora seroprevalence (P < 0.001). Our findings showed a relatively high exposure to Neospora spp. in horses and donkeys worldwide. Considering the possible economic impact, as well as the importance in animal health, more studies are needed to clarify the species causing equine neosporosis, correlate serological findings with clinical outcomes and assess the risk factors, in order to define adequate prevention and control strategies.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Javanmardi, E.UNSPECIFIED
Majidiani, H.UNSPECIFIED
Shariatzadeh, S. A.UNSPECIFIED
Anvari, D.UNSPECIFIED
Shamsinia, S.UNSPECIFIED
Ghasemi, E.UNSPECIFIED
Kordi, B.UNSPECIFIED
Shams, M.UNSPECIFIED
Asghari, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Meta-analysis Neosporacaninum Neosporahughesi seroprevalence Systematic review
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 109299
Journal or Publication Title: Veterinary parasitology
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 288
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2020.109299
ISSN: 1873-2550 (Electronic) 0304-4017 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3244

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