Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

UV-Related Melanoma Cancer and Its Association with the Human Development Index (HDI): GLOBOCAN Sources and Methods

Mon Jul 15 17:27:42 2024

(2020) UV-Related Melanoma Cancer and Its Association with the Human Development Index (HDI): GLOBOCAN Sources and Methods. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. p. 12. ISSN 2074-1804

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Background: Exposure to radiation is a major risk factor for skin cancer so that 65 to 90 of skin cancers can be attributed to the exposure with sunlight. Objectives: The current study aimed to investigate the association between the human development index and the incidence of UV-related melanoma. Methods: This is an ecological study. Data on the incidence of UV-induced melanoma were extracted from the GLOBOCAN estimates (GLOBOCAN 2012), and data on the human development index were extracted from theWorld Health Organization (WHO) database. Data analysis was conducted by Stata software (Ver. 14). The descriptive analysis involved mean and standard deviation. The correlation method was used to evaluate the association between the population attributable fraction (PAF) of melanoma for ultraviolet (UV) and the HDI components. A P value < 0.005 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The results revealed a significant positive association between UV-attributable melanoma cancer and HDI in women (r = 0.401, P < 0.0001), men (r = 0.488, P < 0.0001), and both sexes (r = 0.455, P < 0.0001). In Americas (r = 0.452, P < 0.05) and Europe (r = 0.740, P < 0.05), a significant positive correlation was observed between UV-induced melanoma and HDI, but this association was not significant in Asia (P > 0.05). In Africa, a negative correlation was observed, though it was not statistically significant (r = -0.301, P > 0.05). The results of the analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed a significant statistical relationship between the incidence of UVrelated melanoma and the levels of development (F = 25.1, P < 0.0001) so that the higher the score of HDI, the higher the incidence of this cancer. Conclusions: Since there is a positive correlation between UV-related melanoma and HDI, further attention should be paid to this risk factor, especially in countries with a high HDI to reduce the UV-induced melanoma cancer.

Item Type: Article
Naghibzadeh-Tahami, A.UNSPECIFIED
Nejadsadeghi, E.UNSPECIFIED
Zahmatkeshan, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Melanoma Cancer UV Radiation Human Development Index Population Attributable Fraction nonmelanoma skin-cancer ultraviolet-radiation disease General & Internal Medicine
Page Range: p. 12
Journal or Publication Title: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 22
Number: 7
Identification Number:
ISSN: 2074-1804
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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