Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The Prevalence of Clinical Symptoms in Children and Adolescents with Covid-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study

Wed Sep 28 19:06:14 2022

(2020) The Prevalence of Clinical Symptoms in Children and Adolescents with Covid-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study. International Journal of Pediatrics-Mashhad. pp. 12177-12188. ISSN 2345-5047

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Abstract

Background In 2019, an unknown disease called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) began to spread in China. The disease is now widespread in almost all countries and has endangered the lives of many people. For this reason, a systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted with the aim of assessing the clinical characteristics of the disease in children and adolescents with COVID-19. Materials and Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis have been conducted by reviewing most of the epidemiologic studies on the worldwide prevalence of COVID-19 in children and adolescents. The following international databases were used: EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed/Medline, Science Direct, and the Google Scholar Search Engine. The keywords used for searching included "child", "pediatric", "adolescents", "COVID-19", "Coronavirus", and "diagnosis". The data were analyzed using STATA statistic software version 11.0. Results: The total number of patients was 2579, of which 1467 (56.9) were male and 1110 (43.1) were female. All patients were in their childhood and adolescence years. At the beginning of the research, 1356 studies were reviewed, of which 987 entered the next reviewing stage. Finally, 14 studies were selected for the systematic review and meta-analysis. The prevalence of fever in children and adolescents was 55.0 (95 CI 0.55 0.40, 0.70), of cough 41.0% (95% CI 0.41 0.27, 0.56), of nasal discharge 9.0% (95% CI 0.09 0.05, 0.12), and of diarrhea 5.0% (95% CI 0.05 0.02, 0.08). Conclusion The results of this study can be a guide for pediatricians and specialists in the field of infectious diseases to identify the clinical signs of COVID-19 in children and adolescents.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Gholami, A.UNSPECIFIED
Hemati, R.UNSPECIFIED
Khorshidi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Borji, M.UNSPECIFIED
Kafashian, M.UNSPECIFIED
Kalvandi, G.UNSPECIFIED
Tarjoman, A.UNSPECIFIED
Mahdikhani, S.UNSPECIFIED
Shokri, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Adolescents Children Clinical Findings COVID-19 Diagnostic Findings Pediatrics
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 12177-12188
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Pediatrics-Mashhad
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 8
Number: 10
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.22038/ijp.2020.48934.3925
ISSN: 2345-5047
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/3189

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