Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Thyroid dysfunction in Iranian pregnant women: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Sun Jun 16 14:41:32 2024

(2020) Thyroid dysfunction in Iranian pregnant women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Bmc Pregnancy and Childbirth. p. 15.

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BackgroundThyroid dysfunction during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes for both mother and fetus. The present meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate thyroid dysfunction in Iranian pregnant women.MethodsWe registered this review at PROSPERO (registration number: CRD42020166655). The research steps in this systematic review and meta-analysis were performed according to the MOOSE protocol, and finally, reports were provided based on the PRISMA guidelines. The literature search was performed in October 2019 using the international online databases, including Web of Science, Ovid, Science Direct, Scopus, EMBASE, PubMed/Medline, Cochrane Library, EBSCO, CINAHL, Google Scholar as well as national databases were reviewed. Data were extracted after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria and qualitative evaluation of the studies. I-2 index and Q test were used to assess differences in studies. All analyses were performed using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Software. P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. We identified 1261 potential articles from the databases, and 426 articles remained after removing the duplicate and unrelated studies. After evaluating the full text, 52 articles were removed.ResultsFinally, 19 eligible studies including 17,670 pregnant women included for meta-analysis. The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in Iranian pregnant women was 18.10 (95CI: 13.89-23.25). The prevalence of hypothyroidism, clinical hypothyroidism, and subclinical hypothyroidism in Iranian pregnant women was respectively estimated to be 13.01 (95CI: 9.15-18.17), 1.35 (95CI: 0.97-1.86) and 11.90 (95CI: 7.40-18.57). The prevalence of hyperthyroidism, clinical hyperthyroidism, and subclinical hyperthyroidism in Iranian pregnant women was respectively estimated to be 3.31 (95CI: 1.62-6.61), 1.06 (95CI: 0.61-1.84) and 2.56 (95CI: 0.90-7.05). The prevalence of anti-thyroperoxidase antibody was estimated to be 11.68 (95CI: 7.92-16.89).ConclusionThe results of this meta-analysis showed a high prevalence of thyroid disorders, especially hypothyroidism. The decision to recommend thyroid screening during pregnancy for all women is still under debate, because the positive effects of treatment on pregnancy outcomes must be ensured. On the other hand, evidence about the effect of thyroid screening and treatment of thyroid disorders on pregnancy outcomes is still insufficient. Nevertheless, a large percentage of general practitioners, obstetricians and gynecologists perform screening procedures in Iran.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Thyroid dysfunction Iran Pregnant women Meta-analysis subclinical hypothyroidism cost-effectiveness levothyroxine treatment 1st trimester prevalence universal disease management hyperthyroidism association Obstetrics & Gynecology
Page Range: p. 15
Journal or Publication Title: Bmc Pregnancy and Childbirth
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 20
Number: 1
Identification Number:
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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