Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Relationship between maternal cardiovascular diseases risk factors during pregnancy and low birth weight in neonates by case-control method

Wed Dec 7 07:35:00 2022

(2019) Relationship between maternal cardiovascular diseases risk factors during pregnancy and low birth weight in neonates by case-control method. Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility. pp. 65-74. ISSN 16802993 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Introduction: Low birth weight (LBW) is a very sensitive and useful index for child's health. Therefore, evaluation of the related risk factors is very noticeable. So, this study was performed with aim to determine the relationship between maternal cardiovascular diseases risk factors and low birth weight risk in neonates. Methods: This case-control study was conducted in 2018 on 250 newborn infants, of which 125 with low birth weight were considered as case group and 125 with normal weight as control group. They were randomly selected from eligible individuals. Data were analyzed by statistical tests including crosstab, t-test, Chi-square and logistic regression with regard to error less than α = 0.05. Results: Some risk factors of maternal cardiovascular diseases including physical inactivity (P = 0.007), exposure to smoke and tobacco (P = 0.005), triglyceride (P = 0.008), cholesterol (P = 0.028), salt intake (P = 0.004), inadequate consumption of fruit (P = 0.05), inadequate consumption of vegetables (P = 0.03), and consumption of fast food and drinks (P = 0.01) had significant relationship with LBW in neonates. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, some maternal risk factors of cardiovascular diseases such as exposure to tobacco smoke and smoking, salt intake, fast food and drinks, lack of fruits and vegetables consumption, lack of activity and high levels of triglyceride can be considered as risk factors for LBW. © 2019, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Rajaei, M.UNSPECIFIED
Visani, Y.UNSPECIFIED
Najafi, R.UNSPECIFIED
Delpisheh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases Infant Low birth weight Risk factors cholesterol triacylglycerol Article cardiovascular disease cardiovascular risk case control study controlled study energy drink food intake fruit human major clinical study newborn physical inactivity pregnancy pregnancy complication risk factor salt intake smoking tobacco
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 65-74
Journal or Publication Title: Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 22
Number: 6
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.22038/ijogi.2019.13745
ISSN: 16802993 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/2887

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