Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of Obesity in Iranian Children: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Thu Jul 25 22:51:41 2024

(2019) Prevalence of Obesity in Iranian Children: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Indian Journal of Medical Specialities. pp. 190-200. ISSN 0976-2884

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Background of the Study: Childhood obesity, in addition to the likelihood of its continuation in adulthood, is associated with an increase in mortality and various diseases. Purpose of the Study: This meta-analytic study aimed at determining the prevalence of obesity among Iranian children. Methodology: Two researchers independently searched national and international databases using MeSH, Scopus, PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science, Springer, Magiran, Iranmedex, SID, Medlib, and the Google Scholar search engine. The heterogeneity between studies was evaluated using the P index. Data were analyzed using STATA software. This study was conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. Results: Among 93 studies with a sample size of 3,845,768, the prevalence of obesity in Iranian children was 7 (girls 8 and boys 10), and the prevalence of overweight was 12 (girls 17 and boys 15). The incidence rate of obesity in children was 13 based on US centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) 2000 reference, 11 on international obesity task force (IOTF) reference, 9 on World Health Organization reference, 9 on Iranian reference, 5 on CDC reference, and 3 on national center for health statistics (NCI IS) reference. Meta-regression diagram also showed that the prevalence of obesity in children was not dependent on sample size. However, the prevalence of obesity declined during the years 1999-2016, which was statistically significant. Conclusion: The prevalence of obesity in Iranian children was less than of their overweight. On the other hand, the prevalence of childhood obesity in girls was lower than that of boys, and the prevalence of child overweight among girls was higher than that of boys.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Children Iran meta-analysis obesity prevalence overweight primary-school children body-mass index risk-factors preschool-children childhood obesity national prevalence united-states us children overweight adolescents General & Internal Medicine
Page Range: pp. 190-200
Journal or Publication Title: Indian Journal of Medical Specialities
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 10
Number: 4
Identification Number:₂₁₉
ISSN: 0976-2884
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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