Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Childhood maltreatment, cognitive emotion regulation strategies, and alcohol craving and dependence in alcohol-dependent males: Direct and indirect pathways

Sat Nov 26 16:01:45 2022

(2019) Childhood maltreatment, cognitive emotion regulation strategies, and alcohol craving and dependence in alcohol-dependent males: Direct and indirect pathways. Child Abuse & Neglect. p. 11. ISSN 0145-2134

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Abstract

Objectives: Childhood maltreatment (CM) and cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERSs) may be important in alcohol craving and dependence in alcohol-dependent individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate direct effects of CM on the subscales of alcohol craving and alcohol dependence and its indirect effects via CERSs in individuals with a diagnosis of alcohol dependence. Methods: In a cross-sectional design, 329 alcohol-dependent males completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire-Short version (CERQ-Short), the Alcohol Dependence Scale (ADS), the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS), and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). Results: Participants with alcohol dependence had early age of onset of alcohol use (mean = 20.78 years), relatively long duration of alcohol use (mean = 11.14 years), and low education (mean = 9.55 years). Indirect effects were observed from CM to the subscales of alcohol craving and dependence only through maladaptive CERSs after adjusting for demographic and clinical factors. No direct effect was observed through CM on the subscales of alcohol craving and dependence. Conclusions: Although drawing causal conclusions from the current research is impossible, the findings suggest that maladaptive CERSs may be a possible mechanism relating CM to alcohol craving and dependence in treatment-seeking alcohol-dependent individuals, while adaptive CERSs may be less important regarding this relation. However, the findings of the current study need longitudinal research.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Khosravani, V.UNSPECIFIED
Ardestani, S. M. S.UNSPECIFIED
Bastan, F. S.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadzadeh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Amirinezhad, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Childhood maltreatment Cognitive emotion regulation strategies Alcohol craving Alcohol dependence posttraumatic-stress-disorder compulsive drinking scale trauma-focused cbt regulation difficulties substance use sexual-abuse ptsd symptoms regulation questionnaire initial validation college-students Family Studies Psychology Social Work
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 11
Journal or Publication Title: Child Abuse & Neglect
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 98
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.104197
ISSN: 0145-2134
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/2690

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