Repository of Research and Investigative Information

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Ilam University of Medical Sciences

A systematic literature review and meta-analysis on the global prevalence of Naegleria spp. in water sources

Wed Sep 28 23:52:18 2022

(2020) A systematic literature review and meta-analysis on the global prevalence of Naegleria spp. in water sources. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. p. 14. ISSN 1865-1674

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Abstract

Naegleria species (spp.) is a free-living amoeba whose pathogenic species such as N. fowleri pose a significant health risk to young people, and the most important source of infection is water source. This study aims to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the data on the prevalence of Naegleria spp. in water sources in the available literature. Included articles on the prevalence of Naegleria spp. in water sources in PubMed, Google Scholar, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, Scopus and Web of Science were systematically searched between January 1977 and September 2019. Regarding meta-analysis, the random-effect model was employed by forest plot with 95 of confidence interval (CI). The meta-analysis considered 103 articles surveying the prevalence of Naegleria spp. in various water sources. The pooled worldwide prevalence of Naegleria spp. across 35 countries was 26.42 (95 CI = 21.52-31.63). The subgroup analysis reported that the pooled worldwide prevalence of N. fowleri is 23.27, N. australiensis 9.12, N. lovaniensis 7.68, N. pagei 5.95, N. polaris 5.17, N. gruberi 3.95, N. clarki 3.54, N. americana 3.19, N. philippinensis 1.99 and N. dobsoni 1.73. This is the first systematic review on the prevalence of Naegleria spp. in water sources. Our findings suggest a wide distribution of Naegleria spp., including potential pathogenic species such as N. fowleri, in water sources all over the world. Therefore, it is of paramount importance to provide comprehensive data and systematic analysis regarding the prevalence of Naegleria spp. in water sources. Accordingly, further studies are highly recommended to investigate the presence of pathogenic N. fowleri in other countries.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Saberi, R.UNSPECIFIED
Seifi, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Dodangeh, S.UNSPECIFIED
Najafi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Hosseini, S. A.UNSPECIFIED
Anvari, D.UNSPECIFIED
Taghipour, A.UNSPECIFIED
Norouzi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Niyyati, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: meta-analysis Naegleria systematic review water free-living-amebas molecular-identification drinking-water environmental water tap-water acanthamoeba spp. fowleri meningoencephalitis balamuthia-mandrillaris quantitative assessment recreational waters Infectious Diseases Veterinary Sciences
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 14
Journal or Publication Title: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Journal Index: ISI
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.13635
ISSN: 1865-1674
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/2559

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