Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Epidemiological study of suicide by physical methods between 1993 and 2013 in Ilam province, Iran

Wed Apr 17 05:36:58 2024

(2017) Epidemiological study of suicide by physical methods between 1993 and 2013 in Ilam province, Iran. Bmc Psychiatry. p. 10. ISSN 1471-244X

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Background: Suicide by aggressive physical methods such as firearms, hanging, and jumping is well known; however, different factors may influence a person while selecting a particular method. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological factors involved in the selection and use of different physical methods for suicide over a long-term period in Ilam province, Iran. Methods: The present study was conducted retrospectively between 1993 and 2013 using recorded data from a comprehensive system for registration of suicide attempts in Ilam University of Medical Sciences. The epidemiological characteristics included person, time and place variables, and the outcomes of the suicide attempts. The chi square, univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used for data analysis. Results: Totally, 1516 suicide attempts were evaluated (the annual incidence rate: 19/100,000 individuals). The most commonly used suicide method in females (88.4) and males (38.9) was self-immolation. Furthermore, the annual incidence rate among males and females was within the age group of 15-24 years (24.6 and 47.8/100,000 individuals). The risk of death by suicide in the age group of 55-64 years was 2.93 compared with the age group of 10-14 years (OR = 2.93; 95 CI = 0.64-13.54, P = 0.168). Conclusion: This study revealed that self-immolation was the most selected physical method of suicide and had the highest incidence rate, and inflicted the survivors with severe physical and mental complications. In order to reduce the use of physical methods, especially self-immolation, life skills training becomes more important than ever.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Epidemiology Invasive Physical method Suicide Ilam Iran mortality rates Psychiatry
Page Range: p. 10
Journal or Publication Title: Bmc Psychiatry
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 17
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1471-244X
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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