Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Relationship between dental plaque formation and salivary cortisol level in pregnant women

Wed Sep 28 19:31:49 2022

(2019) Relationship between dental plaque formation and salivary cortisol level in pregnant women. European oral research. pp. 62-66. ISSN 2651-2823 (Electronic) 2651-2823 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31309195

Abstract

Purpose: Understanding how increased level of salivary cortisol contributes to the development of dental biofilm during pregnancy can help inthe prevention of dental caries and periodontal diseases. This study aims to evaluate the relationship between salivary cortisol level and dental biofilm formation in pregnant women. Patients and methods: This descriptive-analytic study was conducted in Hamadan, Iran in 2011. Forty consecutive pregnant women with no history of abortion, stillbirth, or any known physical or psychological disorders at weeks 25 and 33 of gestation were included. Salivary samples were collected for measurement of cortisol levels by Enzyme Linked Immunoabsorbent Assay (ELISA) method. The amount and extension of dental biofilms were determined by using a disclosing agent. Data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics in SPSS version 16. Results: The mean levels of salivary cortisol at weeks 25 and 33 of gestation were respectively, 2.45 +/- 1.56 mug/dl and 5.24 +/- 4.07 mug/dl which demonstrates a significant difference (P<0.001). Evaluation of dental biofilm at two time intervals revealed a significant increase in amount of dental biofilm at week 33 of gestational period (34.65 +/- 10.9 vs. 42.45 +/- 12.35, P<0.001). Elevated levels of dental biofilm were significantly correlated with salivary cortisol levels at week 33 (r=0.494, P=0.001),however, it was not significant at week 25 of gestation (r=0.148, P=0.361). Conclusion: The findings suggested that increased levels of salivary cortisol can predict dental biofilm formation and accumulation in pregnant women in the last weeks of gestation.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Tiznobaik, A.UNSPECIFIED
Taheri, S.UNSPECIFIED
Torkzaban, P.UNSPECIFIED
Ghaleiha, A.UNSPECIFIED
Soltanian, A. R.UNSPECIFIED
Omrani, R.UNSPECIFIED
Shirinzad, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Cortisol biofilm dental plaque pregnancy saliva
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 62-66
Journal or Publication Title: European oral research
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 53
Number: 2
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.26650/eor.20192484
ISSN: 2651-2823 (Electronic) 2651-2823 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/2465

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