Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The role of socio-economic inequality in the prevalence of hypertension in adults

Tue Dec 6 05:22:17 2022

(2019) The role of socio-economic inequality in the prevalence of hypertension in adults. Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research. pp. 116-120. ISSN 2008-5117

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Abstract

Introduction: The large portion of burden of diseases, especially in the developing countries is attributed to hypertension. Identification of the potential risk factors of hypertension is essential for disease management. In this study we investigated the role of socio-economic inequality in the prevalence of hypertension in Ham Province. Methods: Totally, 690 individuals aged over 15 were enrolled in this cross-sectional study, through systematic random sampling from March 1 to October 30, 2017. Socio-economic status (SES) score was calculated by 7 variables including; age, sex, job, marital status, educational level, and economic status, residency, then, it was divided to five levels. Concentration index was used to estimate the inequality in hypertension. To estimate the percentage contribution in final step elasticity divided to concentration index for each contributor and contributions to inequality is estimated. Results: The concentration index for hypertension was -0.154 95 CI (-0.02, -0.23), therefore hypertension was more prevalent in lower socioeconomic groups. The important socioeconomic contributors in inequality were job (P = 0.008), educational level (P = 0.005), and SES (P = 0.003). According to concentration index decomposition, the main sources of inequality in hypertension were job (15), educational level (18), and SES (21), respectively. Conclusion: Hypertension is more prevalent in lower SES groups and the job, education, and SES arc important contributory factors of inequality. One substantial key point to achieve an effectiveness approach to deal with chronic diseases might be building partnership with disadvantaged populations.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Veisani, Y.UNSPECIFIED
Jenabi, E.UNSPECIFIED
Nematollahi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Delpisheh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Khazaei, S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Hypertension Prevalence Socioeconomic Factors Inequality health Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 116-120
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.15171/jcvtr.2019.20
ISSN: 2008-5117
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/2432

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