Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Thymol polymeric nanoparticle synthesis and its effects on the toxicity of high glucose on OEC cells: involvement of growth factors and integrin-linked kinase

Wed Aug 10 15:12:58 2022

(2019) Thymol polymeric nanoparticle synthesis and its effects on the toxicity of high glucose on OEC cells: involvement of growth factors and integrin-linked kinase. Drug Design Development and Therapy. pp. 2513-2532. ISSN 1177-8881

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Abstract

Background: Nowadays, the drug delivery system is important in the treatment of diseases. Purpose: A polymeric nanoparticle modified by oleic acid (NPMO) as a Thymol (Thy) drug release system was synthesized from Thymbra spicata and its neurotrophic and angiogenic effects on rat's olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) in normal (NG) and high glucose (HG) conditions were studied. Methods: The NPMO was characterized by using different spectroscopy methods, such as infrared, HNMR, CNMR, gel permeation chromatography, dynamic light scattering, and atomic force microscopy. Load and releasing were investigated by HPLC. The toxicity against OECs diet-induced by MTT assay. ROS and generation of nitric oxide (NO) were evaluated using dichloro-dihydro-fluorescein and Griess method, respectively. The expression of protein integrin-linked kinase (ILK), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and nerve growth factor (NGF) were evaluated by Western blotting. Results: ThyNPMO is desirable for transferring drug as a carrier. The amount of Thy and extract (E) loaded on NPMO estimated at 43 +/- 2.5 and 41 +/- 1.8, respectively. Then, 65 and 63 of the drug load were released, respectively. Thy, ThyNPMO, E, and ENPMO prevented HG-induced OECs cell death (EC50 33 +/- 1.5, 22 +/- 0.9, 35 +/- 1.8, and 25 +/- 1.1 mu M, respectively). Incubation with Thy, ThyNPMO, E ,and ENPMO at high concentrations increased cell death with LC50 105 +/- 3.5, 82 +/- 2.8, 109 +/- 4.3, and 86 +/- 3.4 mu M, respectively in HG states. Conclusion: OECs were protected by ThyNPMO and ENPMO in protective concentrations by reducing the amount of ROS and NO, maintaining ILK, reducing VEGF, and increasing BDNF and NGF. The mentioned mechanisms were totally reversed at high concentrations.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Karimi, E.UNSPECIFIED
Abbasi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Abbasi, N.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: thymol polymeric nanoparticle olfactory enshealing cell drug delivery high glucose prevents retinal neurodegeneration nitric-oxide inhibition in-vitro diabetes-mellitus olfactory dysfunction neurotrophic factor oxidative stress aqueous-solution drug-delivery release Pharmacology & Pharmacy
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 2513-2532
Journal or Publication Title: Drug Design Development and Therapy
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 13
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.2147/dddt.S214454
ISSN: 1177-8881
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/2429

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