Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Risk factors of knee osteoarthritis: A case-control study

Mon Sep 26 12:45:22 2022

(2019) Risk factors of knee osteoarthritis: A case-control study. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. pp. 636-640. ISSN 1682-024X

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Abstract

Background and Objective: Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most common rheumatologic problems. To investigate risk factors related to the knee osteoarthritis a case-control study was performed using cases diagnosed in the Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) study, stage I. Methods: Using data from the 2012 COPCORD study, stage-I that was conducted in Sanandaj, northwestern of Iran, we runned a case-control study in 2014-2015. Cases were 700 knee osteoarthritis using American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria, frequency matched with 700 healthy controls that were randomly selected from the general population. Results: In multivariate analysis, statistical significant relation was observed between knee OA and some studied factors such as body mass index (P <0.001), lodging (living in highland vs. plain) (P <0.001), type of used toilet (regular vs. toilet) (P <0.001), history of using high-heeled shoes (>3 cm) (P = 0.005), history of knee Injury (P = 0.04), history of lower limb fracture (P = 0.02), Number of pregnancies (P <0.001) and history of pain and swelling (lasting for one months) (P = 0.04). Conclusions: Living in highland area, using regular toilet, having knee injury and lower limb fracture in the past were most significant associated factors with occurrence of knee osteoarthritis.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Moghimi, N.UNSPECIFIED
Rahmani, K.UNSPECIFIED
Delpisheh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Saidi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Azadi, N. A.UNSPECIFIED
Afkhamzadeh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Risk factors Knee osteoarthritis COPCORD study who-ilar copcord prevalence obesity sex hip association smoking leptin cohort urban General & Internal Medicine
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 636-640
Journal or Publication Title: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 35
Number: 3
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.3.277
ISSN: 1682-024X
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/2403

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