Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Epidemiological survey of tularemia in Ilam Province, west of Iran

Sat Oct 1 17:56:46 2022

(2019) Epidemiological survey of tularemia in Ilam Province, west of Iran. Bmc Infectious Diseases. p. 7. ISSN 1471-2334

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Abstract

BackgroundFrancisella tularensis is the causative agent of tularemia in humans and a large number of animal species. Considering recent evidence of the circulation of this bacterium in different parts of Iran, especially in the western provinces, the aim of current study was to determine the tularemia seroprevalence in the human population living in Ilam Province.MethodsIn 2015, 360 serum samples were collected from five groups of people: ranchers (n=112), farmers (n=79), butchers and slaughterhouse workers (n=61), Nature Conservation Officers (n=34), and referents of medical diagnostic laboratories (n=74). These samples were tested for the presence of anti- F. tularensis IgG antibodies using the ELISA method.ResultsAccording to the ELISA manufacturer cutoffs, we found that 10 (2.78) and 9 (2.5) sera, respectively, were positive or borderline for F. tularensis IgG antibodies. The highest tularemia seroprevalence was observed among farmers (7.59).ConclusionsOur results strongly support the circulation of tularemia in Ilam Province. Because no human tularemia case has been reported so far in this province, we recommend specific education programs to increase knowledge of local health care professionals about this important zoonotic disease.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Esmaeili, S.UNSPECIFIED
Ghasemi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Naserifar, R.UNSPECIFIED
Jalilian, A.UNSPECIFIED
Molaeipoor, L.UNSPECIFIED
Maurin, M.UNSPECIFIED
Mostafavi, E.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Tularemia Francisella tularensis Seroprevalence Iran High-risk population francisella-tularensis seroprevalence diagnosis outbreak region Infectious Diseases
Divisions:
Page Range: p. 7
Journal or Publication Title: Bmc Infectious Diseases
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 19
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-4121-1
ISSN: 1471-2334
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/2381

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