Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Socioeconomic inequality in stunting among under-5 children in Ethiopia: a decomposition analysis

(2019) Socioeconomic inequality in stunting among under-5 children in Ethiopia: a decomposition analysis. BMC research notes. p. 184. ISSN 1756-0500 (Electronic) 1756-0500 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30922416

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Ethiopia bears a high stunting burden. However, there is a paucity of evidence on the socioeconomic inequalities of stunting in Ethiopia. Thus, this study was aimed to determine the degree of socioeconomic inequality in stunting and decompose it to the social determinants of stunting. We used a nationally representative sample of 8855 children, aged below 5 years, from the Ethiopian demographic and health survey, conducted in 2016. Subjects were recruited following a two-stage cluster sampling. The socioeconomic status was measured by the household wealth index, categorized into quantiles. The inequality in stunting between the poorest and the richest socioeconomic groups was decomposed into its contributing social factors following the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition approach. RESULT: The overall prevalence of stunting was 38, with a significant pro-poor socioeconomic inequality. The prevalence of stunting among the poorest and the richest socioeconomic categories was 45.1 and 26.9, respectively. Caregivers education status was the main contributor, accounting alone for 33 of the socioeconomic inequality in stunting, followed by region of residence (11) and birth size (6). Equity sensitive interventions, which prioritize the vulnerable groups might help to narrow the socioeconomic inequality as well as fasten the progress towards the goal of stunting reduction.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Ethiopia Socioeconomic inequality Stunting
Page Range: p. 184
Journal or Publication Title: BMC research notes
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 12
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4229-9
ISSN: 1756-0500 (Electronic) 1756-0500 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/2296

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