Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase genes in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from nosocomial infections in Tehran, Iran

(2019) Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase genes in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from nosocomial infections in Tehran, Iran. Gms Hygiene and Infection Control. p. 8. ISSN 2196-5226

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Abstract

Background and objectives: bla(SHV), bla(TEM) and bla(VEB) are a group of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase enzymes (ESBLs) which are able to hydrolyze Penicillins and some cephalosporin antibiotics. The present study evaluated the frequency of ESBL genes bla(SHV), bla(TEM) and bla(VEB) in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from nosocomial infections to outline the importance of these genes in antibiotic resistance. Methods: One hundred Acinetobacter baumannii strains were isolated from different nosocomial infections. After antibiotic resistance evaluation with the Kirby-Bauer disc-diffusion method, the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of Ciprofloxacin was measured using the E-test method. Then, the ESBL producing strains were identified employing Combined Disk Methods. Finally, all isolates were evaluated with the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique to detect the ESBL genes of interest. Results: Out of 100 Acinetobacter baumannii isolates, 59 were ESBL positive according to the phenotypic method. The PCR assay could not detect the bla(SHV) and bla(VEB) genes in the studied isolates, but the presence of bla(TEM) gene was demonstrated in 42 of the strains. Conclusion: The high resistance to most antibiotics, the high prevalence of ESBLs-producing strains and also a high prevalence of bla(TEM) gene in A. baumannii strains found in the current study gives cause for major concern about nosocomial infections in Iran because of the treatment complexity of these strains. Our results highlight the need for infection control measures to prevent the spread of resistant isolates, especially in hospitals.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Acinetobacter baumannii blaSHV blaTEM blaVEB drug resistance PCR antimicrobial resistance antibiotic-resistance multidrug-resistance mortality-rate susceptibility epidemiology emergence spread Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Page Range: p. 8
Journal or Publication Title: Gms Hygiene and Infection Control
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 14
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3205/dgkh000318
ISSN: 2196-5226
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/2268

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