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Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The prevalence, comorbidity and socio-demographic factors of depressive disorder among Iranian children and adolescents: To identify the main predictors of depression

Sat Nov 26 16:09:20 2022

(2019) The prevalence, comorbidity and socio-demographic factors of depressive disorder among Iranian children and adolescents: To identify the main predictors of depression. Journal of Affective Disorders. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0165-0327

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Abstract

Background: Depressive disorders are a major public health problem in developed and developing countries. Recently, several risk factors have been described for depressive disorders in children and adolescents. The aim of the present study was to identify the main risk factors that can affect the incidence of depression in Iranian children and adolescents. Methods: A total of 30,546 children and adolescents (between 6 and 18 years of age) participated in a cross-sectional study to identify the predictors of depressive disorders. Depressive disorders were assessed using the Persian version of the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (K-SADS-PL). In addition, a demographic characteristics questionnaire was completed by parents of the participants. The data was analyzed using the SPSS22 software via performing the descriptive analysis and the multiple logistic regression analysis methods. P-values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Results showed that a higher age (15-18), being female, and the father's unemployment were associated with an increased odds ratio for depressive disorders. The age of 10-14 (OR = 2.1; 95 CI, 1.57-2.81), the age of 15-18 (OR = 4.44; 95 CI, 3.38-5.83), female gender (OR = 1.44; 95 CI, 1.2-1.73) and the father's unemployment (OR = 1.59; 95 CI, 1.01-2.5) were significant positive predictors, whereas, the mother's job (as a housewife) (OR = 0.66; 95 CI, 0.45-0.96) and a history of psychiatric hospitalization of the father and mother (OR = 0.34; 95 CI, 0.15-0.78 and OR = 0.34; 95 CI, 0.14-0.84) were negative predictors for depressive symptoms. Conclusion: Depressive symptoms are common in children and adolescents and are correlated with age and gender. The assessment of the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, especially the depressive disorders and their comorbidities, may help to prevent mood disorders in children and adolescents.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Mohammadi, M. R.UNSPECIFIED
Alavi, S. S.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmadi, N.UNSPECIFIED
Khaleghi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Kamali, K.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmadi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Hooshyari, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Mohamadian, F.UNSPECIFIED
Jaberghaderi, N.UNSPECIFIED
Nazaribadie, M.UNSPECIFIED
Sajedi, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Farshidfar, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Kaviani, N.UNSPECIFIED
Davasazirani, R.UNSPECIFIED
Shahbakhsh, A. J.UNSPECIFIED
Rad, M. R.UNSPECIFIED
Shahbazi, K.UNSPECIFIED
Khodaverdloo, R. R.UNSPECIFIED
Tehrani, L. N.UNSPECIFIED
Nasiri, M.UNSPECIFIED
Naderi, F.UNSPECIFIED
Kiani, A.UNSPECIFIED
Chegeni, M.UNSPECIFIED
Nasab, S. M. H.UNSPECIFIED
Ghaneian, M.UNSPECIFIED
Parsamehr, H.UNSPECIFIED
Nilforoushan, N.UNSPECIFIED
Amiri, S.UNSPECIFIED
Fooladi, M. F.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadzadeh, S.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmadipour, A.UNSPECIFIED
Sarraf, N.UNSPECIFIED
Hojjat, S. K.UNSPECIFIED
Nadermohammadi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Mostafavi, S. A.UNSPECIFIED
Zarafshan, H.UNSPECIFIED
Salmanian, M.UNSPECIFIED
Shakiba, A.UNSPECIFIED
Ashoori, S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Children and adolescents Depressive symptoms Prevalence Comorbidity preschool-children gender-differences major depression mental-disorders mood disorders symptoms population anxiety family school Neurosciences & Neurology Psychiatry
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 1-10
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Affective Disorders
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 247
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.01.005
ISSN: 0165-0327
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/2256

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