Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence and gender differences in psychiatric disorders and DSM-IV mental disorders: a population-based study

Sat Apr 20 13:28:05 2024

(2018) Prevalence and gender differences in psychiatric disorders and DSM-IV mental disorders: a population-based study. Biomedical Research and Therapy. pp. 1975-1985. ISSN 2198-4093

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Abstract

Background: The early diagnosis of psychiatric disorders is critical as it improves the chance of recovery for patients. The aim of this study was to determine gender disparities in psychiatric and mental disorders in adult persons and to examine the validity of the 28-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28; Persian version) in the diagnosis of patients with suspected psychiatric disorders, along with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Materials and Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted using cluster random sampling method in three steps. Subjects were screened by GHQ-28 and then evaluated by Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) for diagnosis/classification of mental disorders. Chisquare test and independent t-test were used for statistical analysis. The ROC curve was used to assess cut-off points. Results: Of the 763 participants (aged 15 and above), 25.8 of responders demonstrated characteristics of psychological distress; the prevalence in males and females were 20.9 and 29.8, respectively. The common mental disorders in males were anxiety disorder (18.2), followed by any major depressive disorder (MDD) (17.4. ), and compulsive disorder (10.0). In females, the common mental disorders were anxiety disorder (23.6), followed by any MDD (22.7), compulsive disorder (13.9), phobia disorder (10.4) and psychotic disorder (6.1). ROC analysis showed that 91.7 of suspected persons had a mental disorder as assessed by DSM-IV-TR. Conclusion: The present study verifies the validity of the Persian version of the GHQ-28 as a screening tool to determine psychiatric disorders in persons of age 15 and above. The rate of psychiatric disorders in this study is higher than the mean national rate.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Veisani, Y.UNSPECIFIED
Delpisheh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Mohamadian, F.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: DSM-IV-TR Gender General health questionnaire Mental disorders Prevalence Psychiatric disorders suicide attempts health iran depression Research & Experimental Medicine
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 1975-1985
Journal or Publication Title: Biomedical Research and Therapy
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 5
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.15419/bmrat.v5i1.412
ISSN: 2198-4093
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/180

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