Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Frequency and antimicrobial susceptibility of Haemophilus influenzae type b isolated from children suspected to meningitis

Wed Aug 10 15:54:44 2022

(2008) Frequency and antimicrobial susceptibility of Haemophilus influenzae type b isolated from children suspected to meningitis. Iranian Journal of Public Health. pp. 52-58. ISSN 22516085 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Background: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) has emerged as the predominant cause of meningitis in developing countries wherever it has been studied using good microbiologic procedures, but data regarding frequency, antimicrobial susceptibility and preferable method for detection of Haemophilus influenzae type b isolated from Iranian patients were scarce. Methods: One thousand and eight hundred suspicious CSF samples were received from Children Medical Center Hospital in Tehran, periodically. All samples were cultured on conventional and selective media for Haemophilus influenzae type b detection. PCR performed for samples were Hib negative in culture. The susceptibility of the isolates to different antimicrobial agents was determined using the disk diffusion method. Results: Overall, 6.7 (n= 121) of specimens had positive culture. 15.7 (n= 19) of isolates were diagnosed as Haemophilus influenzae type b with both culture and Antiserum test. PCR assay detected 10 isolates of H. influenzae type b in samples weren't detected in culture. H. influenzae type b isolates were resistance to ampicillin (42.1), chloramphenicol (36.8), and co-trimoxazole (52.6), respectively. The range of antimicrobial susceptibility to cephalosporins was from 52.6 for cephalothin to 57.8 for ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, cefixime and ceftizoxime. Multidrug resistances were observed in 31.5 of H. influenzae type b isolates. Conclusion: Although we found high frequency of resistance to the first line drugs for H. influenzae type b in Iran, but the frequency of this organism among children meningitis was lower than many Asian and European countries. PCR assay was more sensitive in detection of H. influenzae than culture method.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Haghiashteiani, M. T.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadi-Yeganeh, S.UNSPECIFIED
Soroush, S.UNSPECIFIED
Sadeghifard, N.UNSPECIFIED
Sayadi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Dabyri, H.UNSPECIFIED
Soroush, S.UNSPECIFIED
Abedini, M.UNSPECIFIED
Taherikalani, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Antimicrobial susceptibility Haemophilus influenzae Iran Meningitis
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 52-58
Journal or Publication Title: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 37
Number: 4
ISSN: 22516085 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/1665

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