Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence and related factors for choosing self-medication among pharmacies visitors based on health belief model in Hamadan province, west of Iran

Mon Feb 26 08:00:30 2024

(2013) Prevalence and related factors for choosing self-medication among pharmacies visitors based on health belief model in Hamadan province, west of Iran. Journal of Research in Health Sciences. pp. 81-85. ISSN 16822765 (ISSN)

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Background: Self-medication has increased in the last decade in Iran; can be followed several complications. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and fac- tors influencing self-medication based on health belief model. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1400 Hamadan Province pharmacies visitors, during spring and summer 2012 which was randomly selected with the proportional to size among different pharmacy at Hamadan for participation in this study. A structured questionnaire was applied for collecting data, which were analyzed by SPSS version 16 using bivariate correlations and logistic regression statistical tests. Results: 35.4 of the participants had self-medication. Pain medication (10.6), antibi- otics (7.3) and anti-cough and cold medications (4.5) had the largest consumption. The main reasons of self-medication among participants were previous use of medica- tion, symptoms improve and similar prescribed. The best predictor for self-medication was perceived severity with odds ratio estimate of 0.790 95% CI: 0.694, 0.900. Conclusion: It seems that designing and implementation of educational programs to increase seriousness about side effect of self-medication may be usefulness of the re- sults in order to prevent of self-medication.

Item Type: Article
Mehdi Hazavehei, S. M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Education Iran Pharmacy health Self medication analgesic agent antibiotic agent antitussive agent respiratory tract agent non prescription drug adolescent adult aged article cross-sectional study drug use female Health Belief Model human major clinical study male pharmacy prediction prescription prevalence risk assessment spring structured questionnaire summer treatment outcome adverse effects attitude to health cost control decision making economics health care cost middle aged procedures psychology questionnaire risk statistical model statistics and numerical data utilization young adult Choice Behavior Cost Savings Cross-Sectional Studies Health Expenditures Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Humans Logistic Models Nonprescription Drugs Odds Ratio Pharmacies Questionnaires
Page Range: pp. 81-85
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 13
Number: 1
ISSN: 16822765 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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