Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Investigation of qualitative and quantitative of volatile organic com-pounds of ambient air in the Mahshahr Petrochemical Complex in 2009

Sun Aug 14 01:19:22 2022

(2013) Investigation of qualitative and quantitative of volatile organic com-pounds of ambient air in the Mahshahr Petrochemical Complex in 2009. Journal of Research in Health Sciences. pp. 69-74. ISSN 16822765 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Background: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are human-made chemicals widely spread in the environment and produced by petrochemical industries and petroleum refineries. The aim of this research was to evaluate the distribution of VOCs in the ambi- ent air of Mahshahr Petrochemical Complex, Iran. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional research performed in 2009. We used the method numbered 1501, 1500, 2000, 1003, 1005, 1010, 2555, 1300 and 1400 of the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) for the sampling and anal- ysis of compounds in the air. A total of 204 samples were analyzed using Gas Chroma- tography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) and a Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detector (GC-FID). Results: The mean of concentrations of the pollutants in the winter is less than in sum- mer and a strong variation occurred among the sampling site, attributed to the change in meteorology. The results indicated high concentrations of benzene in most factories. In addition, a significant difference occurred between the concentrations of the compounds in the ambient air inside and outside the factories in both seasons (P<0.050). Conclusion: It seems that the atmospheric conditions of the workplace affect the spreading of the pollutants, causing the concentration of the pollutants in the summer to be higher than in the winter. In addition, the frequent prevailing wind speed in the region plays a major role in the distribution of the pollutants from Mahshahr Petrochemical factories.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Moghadam, R. M.UNSPECIFIED
Bahrami, A.UNSPECIFIED
Ghorbani, F.UNSPECIFIED
Mahjub, H.UNSPECIFIED
Malaki, D.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Air sampling Iran Petrochemical Volatile organic compounds benzene ethylbenzene toluene volatile organic compound xylene air pollutant petroleum air analysis air pollution ambient air article concentration (parameters) cross-sectional study mass fragmentography petrochemical industry pollution transport qualitative analysis quantitative analysis seasonal variation summer wind winter work environment workplace analysis analysis of variance chemical industry human occupational exposure season statistics and numerical data Air Pollutants Humans Seasons
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 69-74
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 13
Number: 1
ISSN: 16822765 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/1582

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