Repository of Research and Investigative Information

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Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of dfr, int and sul genes in cotrimoxazole resistance klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from two hospitals of Iran

Sun Aug 14 02:56:37 2022

(2014) Prevalence of dfr, int and sul genes in cotrimoxazole resistance klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from two hospitals of Iran. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology. pp. 2655-2658. ISSN 09737510 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Extensive use of antimicrobial agents such as cotrimoxazole has been associated with raising of antimicrobial resistance. Current study is focused on assessing the prevalence of cotrimoxazole resistance in klebsiella pneumoniae and the frequency of related genes. 155 isolates of klebsiella pneumoniae were collected during Mar.2007 to Apr.2012 from Ilam hospitals and Milad hospital of Tehran. Antibiotic susceptibility test done to screening resistance isolates according to Kirby-Bauer method, sul1, sul2, sul3, dfrA1, dfrA5, and Int1 genes were detected by PCR. Among 155 species, forty isolates (26) were resistance to cotrimoxazole. Frequency of sul1 gene was 32 isolates (80) and 24 isolates of dfr A1(60), none isolates of dfrA5 (0), 28 isolates of int (70), 25 isolates of sul2 (62.5), and no isolates of sul3 (0) has been detected. 17 (42.5) isolates have sull and sul2 simultaneously, and 18 (45) isolates have int1 and dfrA1. 11 isolates have sul1, sul2, int1 and dfrA1 genes concurrence by 27.5 frequency. Our study shown resistance to cotromoxazole in klebsiella isolated from Ilam hospitals and Milad hospital of Tehran is moderate and Sul genes have the highest frequency in resistance isolates.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Azizian, M.UNSPECIFIED
Pakzad, I.UNSPECIFIED
Arabi, H.UNSPECIFIED
Nasrollahi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Hosainzadegan, H.UNSPECIFIED
Azizi Jalilian, F.UNSPECIFIED
Taherikalani, M.UNSPECIFIED
Sadeghifard, N.UNSPECIFIED
Samadi, N.UNSPECIFIED
Nasser, A.UNSPECIFIED
Azizian, R.UNSPECIFIED
Rahbar, M.UNSPECIFIED
Mohammadzadeh, N.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Cotrimoxazole Ilam Klebsiella Resistance gene Sul1 Tehran ampicillin ceftriaxone nitrofurantoin tetracycline antibiotic resistance Article bacterial gene bacterium isolation controlled study dfr gene hospital human int gene Iran Klebsiella pneumoniae nonhuman prevalence sul gene urinary tract infection
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 2655-2658
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 8
Number: 4
ISSN: 09737510 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/1548

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