Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Microbiological pattern and antibiotic susceptibility of agents isolated from Nosocomial infections, staff and equipment of surgery section and ICU of imam khomaini hospital, Ilam, Iran

Mon Jun 27 16:00:58 2022

(2014) Microbiological pattern and antibiotic susceptibility of agents isolated from Nosocomial infections, staff and equipment of surgery section and ICU of imam khomaini hospital, Ilam, Iran. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology. pp. 1059-1064. ISSN 09737510 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Resistant bacteria in various sections of hospital as a main issue of infection transmission is undeniable. Thereby, to achieve infection disease control on hospital, bacteria recognizing and antibiotic resistance determination is necessary. This study is aimed to determine the pattern of microbial resistant of isolates that isolated from surgery ward and ICU and compare it with osocomial infection isolates. In a descriptive and cross-sectional study, during 6 months sampling was carried out from devices and ersonnel of surgery and ICU ward. In same period Nosocomial infections from surgery and ICU wards were cultured. Bacterial on Standard criteria according to CLSI were diagnosed. Antibiotic susceptibility were done according to Kirby-Bauer Disk Diffusion .After culturing 130 samples were positive, the most frequency of isolated bacteria in both wards were Staphylococcus saprophyticus. Most frequent bacteria in ICU and Surgery ward involved; Entrobacter (35) and E.coli (25), in a row. In nosocomial infections, frequency of samples that cultured were positive included in; Lesion (45), Sputum(42.5) and Urine(12.5). E.coli, Klebsiella and Staphylococcus aureus isolated from ICU shown high resistance to Amplicillin, Ceftazidime/Cefotaxime , Ceftriaxone, respectively. Whereas bacteria that isolated from Surgery ward shown high resistance to Tetracycline, Amoxicillin- Tetracycline, Ceftriaxone. Regarding to resistance pattern , there is a correlation between resistance of species that isolated from personnel and devices with nasocomial isolates. Therefore, it could be concluded that devices and personnel have main role to disseminate infection. Thereby, the proper disease control policy could be so useful to combat with issue.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Azizi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Pakzad, I.UNSPECIFIED
Nejad, Z. K.UNSPECIFIED
Khodayari, F.UNSPECIFIED
Azizian, R.UNSPECIFIED
Jalilian, F. A.UNSPECIFIED
Taherikalani, M.UNSPECIFIED
Hamidi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Pakzad, R.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Antibiotic susceptibility Hospital acquired infection ICU Resistant bacteria Surgery amoxicillin ampicillin cefotaxime ceftazidime ceftriaxone tetracycline antibiotic resistance Article bacterial transmission bacterium contamination bacterium isolate controlled study Enterobacter Escherichia coli hospital hospital equipment hospital infection hospital personnel infection control intensive care unit Iran Klebsiella nonhuman Proteus Pseudomonas Staphylococcus aureus Staphylococcus epidermidis Staphylococcus saprophyticus surgical ward
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 1059-1064
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 8
Number: 2
ISSN: 09737510 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/1534

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