Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Smoking stages, prevalence of drug abuse and role of associated psychological and social factors: A study on male high school students in Ilam city

Wed Nov 30 18:20:05 2022

(2014) Smoking stages, prevalence of drug abuse and role of associated psychological and social factors: A study on male high school students in Ilam city. Journal of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. pp. 81-93. ISSN 10239510 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Background & Aims: There are limited information about prevalence of smoking, drug abuse and its associated factors amongst Iranian students. The present study aimed to determine prevalence of smoking and drug abuse amongst male high school students in Ilam and the role of associated psychological and social factors. Method: Overall, 1000 male high school students were recruited using a multi-stage sampling method. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data gathering. Chi-square test and logistic regression model were used for univariate, multivariate and interactions analyses. Results: Mean age of students was 16.2 years. The prevalence of experimenter and regular smokers were 11.4 (95 CI: 9.3 -13.4) and 1.3 (95 CI: 0.5-2.0) respectively. Prevalence rates of alcohol, opium, Tramadol, Hashish, Ecstasy and methamphetamine abuses were 11.1 (9.1-13.0), 2.8 (1.7-3.8), 7.6 (5.9-9.2), 3.3 (2.1-4.4), 2.7 (1.6-3.7), and 2.1 (1.1-3.0) respectively. The logistic regression model showed a significant relationship between having a smoker friend (AOR: 1.99), self-injury (AOR: 2.35), peer pressure (AOR: 2.37) and Tramadol abuse (AOR: 3.00) and different stages of smoking. None of the considered interactions had significant effect. Conclusions: Although, prevalence of smoking in Ilam high school students was less than the corresponding reports from other provinces in Iran, drugs abuse followed the same pattern as the other provinces. In addition, psychosocial variables had an important role in adolescents smoking.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Bidel, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Nazarzadeh, M.UNSPECIFIED
SaburMohamadi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Zareimanesh, E.UNSPECIFIED
Tazval, J.UNSPECIFIED
Mohamadi, E.UNSPECIFIED
Delpisheh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Adolescents Ilam Smoking Substances abuse 3, 4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine cannabis methamphetamine tramadol unclassified drug adolescent alcohol abuse article automutilation drug abuse high school student human logistic regression analysis male opiate addiction peer pressure prevalence psychological aspect questionnaire social aspect
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 81-93
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Kerman University of Medical Sciences
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 21
Number: 1
ISSN: 10239510 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/1528

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