Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Investigation of the effect of education on nutritional knowledge, attitude and performance of primary school students in Ilam - 2015

(2016) Investigation of the effect of education on nutritional knowledge, attitude and performance of primary school students in Ilam - 2015. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences. pp. 1210-1215. ISSN 09742115 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Background and objective: Nutritional habits are formed in childhood and will remain until the end of life. Proper nutrition in childhood leads to the promotion of growth and development of child and reduces the risk of chronic diseases during adulthood. This study aimed to assess the effect of education about nutrition on nutritional knowledge, attitude and performance of students in primary schools. Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study which is conducted in 2015. 180 students from primary school in Ilam city were selected randomly and assigned into case (90 people) and control (90 people) groups. Before initiation of educations, a pretest was held in both groups. Then for the case group, a nutritional education was performed during 5 sessions of 45 minutes. After 2 weeks of finishing the educational sessions, posttest was performed by giving a questionnaire of knowledge, attitude and performance to case and control groups. Eventually, two groups were compared with each other in terms of nutritional knowledge, attitude and performance. In order to analyze the collected data, SPSS 21 software was used. The significance level of tests was 5 and descriptive statistics including tables and numeric indices and also inferential tests including paired t-Test, independent t-Test and Chi-square were used. Results: Findings of this study showed that in the case group, there was a statistically significant difference between the mean score of knowledge, attitude and performance of students before and after education (P< 0.05). In control group, however, no statistically significant difference was observed (P> 0.05). There was also a significant difference between case and control groups after education (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Nutritional education may lead to the improvement of nutritional knowledge, attitude and performance of primary school students. Considering the importance and role of students and also low cost of preventive measures in comparison with therapeutic measures, it looks necessary to expand this type of educational programs.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Attitude Education Knowledge Nutrition Performance Article attitude to health chi square test child clinical assessment controlled study elementary student health education health program human human experiment Iran nutrition education nutritional health quasi experimental study questionnaire school child statistical analysis statistical significance Student t test pretest posttest design primary school software student attitude
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 1210-1215
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 9
Number: 3
ISSN: 09742115 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/1426

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