Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Associated factors with neonatalweight loss after birth

Wed Jun 19 08:29:30 2024

(2017) Associated factors with neonatalweight loss after birth. Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics. ISSN 22518150 (ISSN)

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Background: Neonatal weight loss in the first few days of life is a common phenomenon yet limited information about weight loss after birth is available. Objectives: The present study aimed at determining associated factors with neonatal weight loss after birth in newborns. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the sample included 982 healthy, term and singleton newborns that had referred to health centers of Ilam. The mother and neonate's demographic characteristics, and the mother's pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum data were collected by a questionnaire. The data was analyzed using univariate and multivariate statistical analysis using the SPSS software. Results: The mean NWL 3 to 5 days after birth was 129 ± 92 grams. Infants had lost 4.04 ± 3.19 of their birthweight. The results of multivariate analysis (logistic regression) showed that breastfeeding (OR = 7.228, CI: 4.707 - 11.099), cesarean section (OR = 4.429, CI: 3.166 - 6.196), female gender (OR = 3.080, CI: 2.201 - 4.309), mother's no experience of breast feeding (OR = 2.831, CI: 1.817 - 4.409), weighting more than 4000 grams (OR = 2.464, CI: 1.034 - 5.870) and jaundice (OR = 1.486, CI: 1.035 - 2.133) were amongst risk factors for neonatal weight loss (NWL) of more than 5, while risk factors forNWLof more than 7 included only breastfeeding (OR = 2.904, CI: 1.759 - 4.796), cesarean section (OR = 2.073, CI: 1.423 - 3.019), and female gender (OR = 1.850, CI: 1.254 - 2.730). Conclusions: The study findings revealed that breastfeeding and cesarean section are the strongest predictors of NWL. Therefore, it is necessary for infant-friendly hospitals to come up with strategies to reduce the rate of cesarean section and establish successful breastfeeding before mothers are discharged. © 2017, Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Birthweight Body weight change Breastfeeding Newborn Postnatalweight loss Article birth birth weight breast feeding cesarean section childbirth cross-sectional study demography disease association female health promotion human infant Iran jaundice major clinical study male neonatal weight loss pregnancy puerperium risk factor sex difference software
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 8
Number: 4
Identification Number:
ISSN: 22518150 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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