Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Relationship between nutritional status, food insecurity, and causes of hospitalization of children with infectious diseases

Sun Sep 25 14:09:20 2022

(2018) Relationship between nutritional status, food insecurity, and causes of hospitalization of children with infectious diseases. Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics. ISSN 22518150 (ISSN)

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Background: Healthy nutrition in the early years of life has utmost importance and can significantly influence the health status of individuals in the forthcoming years; thus, one of the most important health - related goals in the early years of a child's life is proper nutrition. Objectives: Accordingly, the current study aimed at determining the relationship between nutritional status, food insecurity, and causes of hospitalization in children with infectious diseases admitted to a hospital in Ilam, Iran. Methods: In the current cross sectional study, 580 children hospitalized in the ward of Pediatric Infectious Diseases atImamKhomeini Hospital were recruited through the censusmethod. To collect the relevant data, a demographic information questionnaire, the household food security survey module (HFSSM), and tools such as a tape measure and a weighing scale were used. Within these indices, weight - for - age indicated being underweight, weight - to - height represented thinness, and height - for - age showed short stature. The data, in terms of descriptive and inferential statistical tests were analyzed with SPSS version 16. Results: The results revealed that out of the 580 children examined, 192 (33.1) were moderately underweight, 166 (28.6)hadmoderate thinness, and 167 (28.8) had a moderate short stature. In total, 453 (78.1) children had food security. Furthermore, a statistically significant relationship was observed between the causes of hospitalization and being underweight, short stature, and thin with food insecurity (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Given the statistically significant relationship between nutritional status, food insecurity, and causes of hospitalization in children, it is necessary to take appropriate interventions to promote nutritional status in children and improve household food security to reduce pediatric hospitalization. © 2018, Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Borji, M.UNSPECIFIED
Moradi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Otaghi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Tartjoman, A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Children Food insecurity Infectious diseases Nutritional status Article body height body weight cellulitis child child hospitalization child nutrition conjunctivitis controlled study cross-sectional study diarrhea febrile convulsion female food security gastroenteritis human infection Iran laryngitis major clinical study male metabolic disorder pharyngitis pneumonia preschool child short stature underweight urinary tract infection vomiting
Divisions:
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.5812/compreped.63870
ISSN: 22518150 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/1230

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