Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Isolation and antibiotic susceptibility of Shigella species from stool samples among hospitalized children in Abadan, Iran

Thu Dec 1 16:01:52 2022

(2014) Isolation and antibiotic susceptibility of Shigella species from stool samples among hospitalized children in Abadan, Iran. Gastroenterology and hepatology from bed to bench. pp. 218-23. ISSN 2008-2258 (Print) 2008-2258 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25289136

Abstract

AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of Shigella species and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in hospitalized children with Shigellosis in Abadan, Iran. BACKGROUND: Shigellosis is caused by different species of Shigella and one of the most common causes of diarrhea in children. This disease is endemic in many developing countries including Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective cross sectional study was conducted in a teaching hospital in Abadan, Iran during June 2011 to May 2013. Stool specimens were collected from pediatric age group. All isolates were confirmed as Shigella species by biochemical and serologic tests. Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of these isolates was studied by disk diffusion Method. RESULTS: Among all 705 stool samples, 36 (5.1) yielded Shigella. Of cases, 392 (55.6) were girl and 313 (44.4) were boy. The most common Shigella isolates were S. flexneri (n=19, 52.7) followed by S. sonnei (n=11, 30.5), S. boydii (n=4, 11.1) and S. dysenteriae 2(5.5). Of the Shigella isolates, 47.2 showed resistance to two or more antimicrobial agents. Resistance pattern against various antimicrobials were as follows: trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (80.5), ampicillin (63.8), tetracycline (58.3), chloramphenicol (33.3), nalidixic acid (27.7), and cefixime (16.6). There was no resistance against ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone. CONCLUSION: The most common isolates were S. flexneri followed by S. Sonnei. There was no antibiotic resistance against ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone. TMP-SMZ showed highest resistance pattern.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Jomezadeh, N.UNSPECIFIED
Babamoradi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Kalantar, E.UNSPECIFIED
Javaherizadeh, H.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Antimicrobial resistance Children Shigella
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 218-23
Journal or Publication Title: Gastroenterology and hepatology from bed to bench
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 7
Number: 4
ISSN: 2008-2258 (Print) 2008-2258 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/1132

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