Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Personality Factor as a Predictor of Depression Score Among Depressed and CHD Patients

Mon Oct 3 02:28:33 2022

(2015) Personality Factor as a Predictor of Depression Score Among Depressed and CHD Patients. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR. VC04-VC07. ISSN 2249-782X (Print) 0973-709X (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26557596

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Many risk factors can affect depression and coronary disease, these including physiological and psychological risk factors (such as personality traits). OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to examine whether personality factors (The Five-Factor Model) can predict depression score in the depressed and coronary heart disease (CHD) individuals compared to that of healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To achieve the above objectives, 100 depressed (Mean=35.90 years, SD=10.59 years), and 100 CHD (Mean=46.42 years, SD=12.52 years), patients and 100 healthy subjects (Mean = 37.97 years, SD =12.49 years) were selected by convenience sampling method. To compare the three groups of participants, ANOVA test was used. Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis was used to identify the variables that most closely predict the perceived stress and depression scores. Pearson's Correlation Co-efficient was used to examine the correlation between variables. RESULTS: In Neuroticism, the CHD patients had significant highest scores, followed by depressed patients. The healthy group had the least scores. In case of Extraversion, Openness and Agreeableness, healthy participants had significant higher scores followed by the depressed and CHD patients. Only in conscientiousness factor, Depressive and CHD groups had statistically less scores compared to the healthy group. Also, high Neuroticism and Age, and low Extraversion were significant protective factors for depression Scores of CHD patients, while high Neuroticism and low Extraversion function as predictors in the depressed and healthy groups. CONCLUSION: The effects of Neuroticism and Extraversion on depression have been reported as inconsistent across previous studies. This study indicates that, older CHD individuals with high Neuroticism and low Extraversion scores are more vulnerable for depression.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Kikhavani, S.UNSPECIFIED
Taghinejad, H.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Agreeableness Conscientiousness Coronary heart disease Extraversion, Neuroticism Openness
Divisions:
Page Range: VC04-VC07
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 9
Number: 10
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2015/14337.6668
ISSN: 2249-782X (Print) 0973-709X (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/1084

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