Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Exposure of Infants to Aflatoxin M1 from Mother's Breast Milk in Ilam, Western Iran

Sat Jun 25 02:20:05 2022

(2015) Exposure of Infants to Aflatoxin M1 from Mother's Breast Milk in Ilam, Western Iran. Osong public health and research perspectives. pp. 283-7. ISSN 2210-9099 (Print) 2210-9099 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26929911

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Aflatoxins as a highly toxic group of mycotoxins are present in the environment and foodstuff. These have been reported to cause serious health problems in humans. Since aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is excreted into breast milk, investigating the exposure of infants to AFM1 is of special concern. METHODS: In the present study, breast milk samples were collected from 85 lactating mothers in Ilam province, Iran, and the levels of AFM1 were analyzed using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-based technique. AFM1 was detected in breast milk of all lactating women. The mean contamination level was 5.91 +/- 2.031 ng/L, ranging from 2 ng/L to 10 ng/L. RESULTS: Multiple regression analysis indicated no significant associations of consumption of milk and dairy products, meat, fish, legumes, grain products, fruits, and nuts with the concentration of AFM1 in breast milk. Furthermore, no significant association was observed between AFM1 concentration and anthropometric data of infants. CONCLUSION: In western parts of Iran, lactating mothers and their infants could be at risk of aflatoxin B1 and AFM1 exposure, respectively. Therefore, in Iran, the evaluation of AFM1 in human breast milk as a biomarker for postnatal exposure of infants to this carcinogen requires more attention in different regions and various seasons.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Maleki, F.UNSPECIFIED
Abdi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Davodian, E.UNSPECIFIED
Haghani, K.UNSPECIFIED
Bakhtiyari, S.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Ilam aflatoxin M1 aflatoxins breast milk infants
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 283-7
Journal or Publication Title: Osong public health and research perspectives
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 6
Number: 5
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.10.001
ISSN: 2210-9099 (Print) 2210-9099 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/1078

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